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Ion-Substituted Carbonated Hydroxyapatite Coatings for Model Stone Samples

Research Group “Evaluation and Conservation of Cultural Heritage”, National R&D Institute for Chemistry and Petrochemistry–ICECHIM, 202 Splaiul Independentei, 060021 Bucharest, Romania
Materials Engineering Department, Doctoral School of Materials Engineering, Valahia University of Târgoviște, 130105 Târgoviște, Romania
Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Science and Technology, Valahia University of Targoviste, 13 Sinaia Alley, 130004 Targoviste, Romania
“Atelierul de Creatie” NGO, 12 Liviu Rebreanu, 031786 Bucharest, Romania
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Coatings 2019, 9(4), 231;
Received: 28 February 2019 / Revised: 28 March 2019 / Accepted: 29 March 2019 / Published: 2 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ion-Substituted Calcium Phosphates Coatings)
PDF [7677 KB, uploaded 2 April 2019]


Carbonated hydroxyapatite derivatives (CHAp) and its metallic derivatives (Ag, Sr, Ba, K, Zn) have been prepared and characterized in this paper and their coating capacity on some model stone samples have been evaluated and discussed. These compounds were characterized by using several analytical tools, including X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), to determine the purity of the CHAp sample. The XRD and FTIR results confirmed the presence of AB-carbonated type CHAp. The thermal analysis (TGA) established two stages of weight loss that occured during the heating process: The first weight loss between 30–225 °C corresponding to the partial carbonate release from OH-channel and the second one between 226–700 °C, corresponding to some thermal reactions, possibly to the generation of calcium phosphate. The efficiency and suitability of these products on model stone samples were evaluated by monitoring the resistance to artificial weather (freeze–thaw), and pore structure changes (surface area, pore volume, pore diameter). Meanwhile, optical microscopy (OM) and Scanning Electron Microscopy with Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (SEM–EDS) techniques showed the particles size and surface morphology of the samples, as well as information on its chemical composition. Also, the compressive strength of these new compounds as coatings revealed a homogeneity and strengthen of these model stone samples. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbonated hydroxyapatite; nanomaterials; coatings carbonated hydroxyapatite; nanomaterials; coatings

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Ion, R.-M.; Iancu, L.; Vasilievici, G.; Grigore, M.E.; Andrei, R.E.; Radu, G.-I.; Grigorescu, R.M.; Teodorescu, S.; Bucurica, I.A.; Ion, M.-L.; Gheboianu, A.I.; Radulescu, C.; Dulama, I.D. Ion-Substituted Carbonated Hydroxyapatite Coatings for Model Stone Samples. Coatings 2019, 9, 231.

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