Low-Pressure Plasma Sterilization for Test Specimens to be Worn on Splints in the Oral Cavity
AbstractBacterial biofilms adhere to all oral surfaces and may alter or degrade them. For investigations of the oral biofilm, growing on new restorative dental biomaterials, sterilized dental enamel surfaces as natural, control, and reference materials are used. A novel method for disinfection and sterilization of surfaces is low-pressure plasma (LPP) sterilization, which is a nondestructive and nontoxic technology. The roughness of the dental enamel surface was determined before and after LPP sterilization. Enamel discs were placed in dental splints and worn for five days in vivo. Oral biofilm was fixed for scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Biofilms growing in vitro were characterized microbiologically before and after sterilization and examined by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). Microbiology demonstrated that various bacterial strains were present in the biofilms. SEM showed multiple layers of densely packed bacteria, and CLSM demonstrated that the biofilm contained live and dead bacteria. After LPP sterilization, no biofilm could be detected, and the enamel surface remained unaltered. It may be concluded that LPP sterilization is an effective, nondestructive method for disinfection of enamel before application in the oral cavity. LPP sterilization may be suitable for sterilization of dental materials without altering their surfaces. View Full-Text
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Naumova, E.A.; Engel, A.-S.; Kranz, H.T.; Schneider, M.; Tietze, J.; Dittmar, T.; Fiebrandt, M.; Stapelmann, K.; Piwowarczyk, A.; Kuczius, T.; Arnold, W.H. Low-Pressure Plasma Sterilization for Test Specimens to be Worn on Splints in the Oral Cavity. Coatings 2019, 9, 99.
Naumova EA, Engel A-S, Kranz HT, Schneider M, Tietze J, Dittmar T, Fiebrandt M, Stapelmann K, Piwowarczyk A, Kuczius T, Arnold WH. Low-Pressure Plasma Sterilization for Test Specimens to be Worn on Splints in the Oral Cavity. Coatings. 2019; 9(2):99.Chicago/Turabian Style
Naumova, Ella A.; Engel, Alexander-Simon; Kranz, Hagen T.; Schneider, Marvin; Tietze, Jan; Dittmar, Thomas; Fiebrandt, Marcel; Stapelmann, Katharina; Piwowarczyk, Andree; Kuczius, Thorsten; Arnold, Wolfgang H. 2019. "Low-Pressure Plasma Sterilization for Test Specimens to be Worn on Splints in the Oral Cavity." Coatings 9, no. 2: 99.
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