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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

On Friction Reduction by Surface Modifications in the TEHL Cam/Tappet-Contact-Experimental and Numerical Studies

Engineering Design, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Martensstr. 9, 91058 Erlangen, Germany
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Coatings 2019, 9(12), 843; https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings9120843
Received: 14 November 2019 / Revised: 4 December 2019 / Accepted: 6 December 2019 / Published: 9 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tribological Behavior of Functional Surface: Models and Methods)
The overall energy efficiency of machine elements and engine components could be improved by using new technologies such as surface modifications. In the literature, surface engineering approaches like micro-texturing and the application of diamond-like carbon (DLC) coatings were frequently studied separately, with focus on a specific model contact and lubrication conditions. The contribution of the current study is to elucidate and compare the underlying friction reduction mechanisms of the aforementioned surface modifications in an application-orientated manner. The study applied the operating conditions of the thermo-elastohydrodynamically lubricated (TEHL) cam/tappet-contact of the valve train. Therefore, tribological cam/bucket tappet component Stribeck tests were used to determine the friction behavior of ultrashort pulse laser fabricated microtextures and PVD/PECVD deposited silicon-doped amorphous carbon coatings. Moreover, advanced surface characterization methods, as well as numerical TEHL tribo-simulations, were utilized to explore the mechanisms responsible for the observed tribological effects. The results showed that the DLC-coating could reduce the solid and fluid friction force in a wide range of lubrication regimes. Conversely, micro-texturing may reduce solid friction while increasing the fraction of fluid friction. View Full-Text
Keywords: thermo-elastohydrodynamic lubrication; DLC-coating; microtexturing; surface modification; friction mechanisms; energy efficiency; internal combustion engine; cam/tappet-contact thermo-elastohydrodynamic lubrication; DLC-coating; microtexturing; surface modification; friction mechanisms; energy efficiency; internal combustion engine; cam/tappet-contact
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MDPI and ACS Style

Marian, M.; Weikert, T.; Tremmel, S. On Friction Reduction by Surface Modifications in the TEHL Cam/Tappet-Contact-Experimental and Numerical Studies. Coatings 2019, 9, 843.

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