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Open AccessArticle

Microstructure and Cavitation Erosion Resistance of HVOF Deposited WC-Co Coatings with Different Sized WC

State Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology for Materials and Processing, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, China
School of Energy and Power Engineering, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430063, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Coatings 2018, 8(9), 307;
Received: 25 July 2018 / Revised: 15 August 2018 / Accepted: 24 August 2018 / Published: 29 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tribology and Surface Engineering)
PDF [8111 KB, uploaded 29 August 2018]


Conventional, multimodal and nanostructured WC-12Co coatings with different WC sizes and distributions were prepared by high velocity oxy-fuel spray (HVOF). The micrographs and structures of the coatings were analyzed by scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffractometer (XRD) et al. The porosity, microhardness and fracture toughness of the WC-Co coatings were measured. The coating resistance to cavitation erosion (CE) was investigated by ultrasonic vibration cavitation equipment and the cavitation mechanisms were explored. Results show that there is serious WC decarburization in nanostructured and multimodal WC-Co coatings with the formation of W2C and W phases. The nanostructured WC-Co coating has the densest microstructure with lowest porosity compared to the other two WC-Co coatings, as well as the highest fracture toughness among the three coatings. It was also discovered that the nanostructured WC-Co coating exhibits the best CE resistance and that the CE rate is approximately one-third in comparison with conventional coating. View Full-Text
Keywords: WC-12Co coatings; HVOF; microstructure; cavitation erosion WC-12Co coatings; HVOF; microstructure; cavitation erosion

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Ding, X.; Ke, D.; Yuan, C.; Ding, Z.; Cheng, X. Microstructure and Cavitation Erosion Resistance of HVOF Deposited WC-Co Coatings with Different Sized WC. Coatings 2018, 8, 307.

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