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Effect of Hexagonal Phase Content on Wear Behaviour of AlTiN Arc PVD Coatings

Kennametal GmbH, Altweiherstrasse 27-31, 91320 Ebermannstadt, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Coatings 2018, 8(2), 72;
Received: 30 January 2018 / Revised: 6 February 2018 / Accepted: 9 February 2018 / Published: 13 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Coatings for Cutting Tools)
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In this study, the effect of increasing aluminum content and magnetic steering field strength on the structure and wear behavior of arc PVD AlTiN coatings is discussed. Deposition was done by means of an industrial-scale PVD unit for tool coating. The aluminium content in the AlTi source material was increased from 67 to 73 at.%. We applied two settings of the magnetic field that steers the arc across the cathode surface thereby evaporating the AlTi alloy differently. The resulting coating thickness ranged from 3.5 to about 7 µm. Cemented tungsten carbide was used as substrate material. Coating properties like hardness, adhesion, and crystal phases were analyzed by indentation and X-ray diffraction, respectively. The wear behaviour of the different AlTiN hard coatings were investigated in two ways. In a first idealized test, cyclic impacting was done applying a constant force. The resulting wear pattern was quantified by an Alicona multi-focus microscope. A second wear test was done by metal cutting under realistic conditions. Fly milling of ductile cast iron (EN-GJS-700) was performed with regular interruptions in order to measure the increasing wear mark. As expected, aluminium contents above 67 at.% (in the metal fraction of the coating) lead to a decreased wear resistance as the soft hexagonal phase exceeds values of a few vol.%. However, it was found that the formation of the hexagonal phase can be effectively influenced and delayed by increasing the magnetic steering field at the cathode. The wear behavior observed in cyclic impact testing corresponds well to results obtained with the more complex loading situation encountered in milling. View Full-Text
Keywords: PVD; AlTiN; coating; cutting tool; wear resistance; milling PVD; AlTiN; coating; cutting tool; wear resistance; milling

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Kohlscheen, J.; Bareiss, C. Effect of Hexagonal Phase Content on Wear Behaviour of AlTiN Arc PVD Coatings. Coatings 2018, 8, 72.

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