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Open AccessFeature PaperReview
Coatings 2018, 8(11), 405;

Advances in Automotive Conversion Coatings during Pretreatment of the Body Structure: A Review

IR4TD, College of Engineering, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, USA
Paint Production Engineering, Toyota Motor North America, Inc. (TMNA), Georgetown, KY 40324, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 September 2018 / Revised: 4 November 2018 / Accepted: 10 November 2018 / Published: 15 November 2018
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Automotive conversion coatings consist of layers of materials that are chemically applied to the body structures of vehicles before painting to improve corrosion protection and paint adhesion. These coatings are a consequence of surface-based chemical reactions and are sandwiched between paint layers and the base metal; the chemical reactions involved distinctly classify conversion coatings from other coating technologies. Although the tri-cationic conversion coating bath chemistry that was developed around the end of the 20th century remains persistent, environmental, health, and cost issues favor a new generation of greener methods and materials such as zirconium. Environmental forces driving lightweight material selection during automobile body design are possibly more influential for transitioning to zirconium than the concerns regarding the body coating process. The chemistry involved in some conversion coatings processing has been known for over 100 years. However, recent advances in chemical processing, changes in the components used for vehicle body structures, environmental considerations and costs have prompted the automobile industry to embrace new conversion coatings technologies. These are discussed herein along with a historical perspective that has led to the use of current conversion coatings technologies. In addition, future directions for automobile body conversion coatings are discussed that may affect conversion coatings in the age of multi-material body structures. View Full-Text
Keywords: design for environment; conversion coating; zirconium; lightweighting design for environment; conversion coating; zirconium; lightweighting

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Doerre, M.; Hibbitts, L.; Patrick, G.; Akafuah, N.K. Advances in Automotive Conversion Coatings during Pretreatment of the Body Structure: A Review. Coatings 2018, 8, 405.

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