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Coatings 2018, 8(1), 12; https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings8010012

Titanium Aluminium Nitride and Titanium Boride Multilayer Coatings Designed to Combat Tool Wear

1
School of Aerospace, Transport and Manufacturing, Surface Engineering and Nanotechnology Institute (SENTi), Cranfield University, Cranfield MK43 0AL, UK
2
Senior Manager (Development) Hindustan Aeronautics Limited Foundry and Forge Division Old Airport Road, PB No. 1791, Bangalore 560017, India
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: James E. Krzanowski
Received: 17 November 2017 / Revised: 13 December 2017 / Accepted: 21 December 2017 / Published: 28 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Coatings for Cutting Tools)
Full-Text   |   PDF [3814 KB, uploaded 28 December 2017]   |  

Abstract

The lifetimes and the premature wear of machining tools impact on manufacturing efficiencies and productivities. A significant proportion of machining tool damage can be attributed to component wear. Here, titanium aluminium nitride (TiAlN) multi-layered with titanium diboride (TiB2) prepared by PVD (Physical Vapour Deposition) sputtering onto H-13 substrates are studied as potential wear-resistant coatings for forging die applications. The TiB2 content has been altered and two-sets of coating systems with a bilayer thickness either less than or greater than 1 μm are investigated by tribological and microstructural analysis. XRD analysis of the multilayers reveals the coatings to be predominately dominated by the TiAlN (200) peak, with additional peaks of TiN (200) and Ti (101) at a TiB2 content of 9%. Progressive loads increasing to 100 N enabled the friction coefficients and the coating failure at a critical load to be determined. Friction coefficients of around 0.2 have been measured in a coating containing 9% TiB2 at critical loads of approximately 70 N. Bi-directional wear tests reveal that bilayers with thicknesses greater than 1 μm have frictional coefficients that are approximately 50% lower than those where the bilayer is less than 1 μm. This is due to the greater ability of thicker bilayers to uniformly distribute the stress within the layers. There are two observed frictional coefficient regimes corresponding to a lower and higher rate of material loss. At the lower regime, with TiB2 contents below 20%, material loss occurs mainly via delamination between the layers, whilst at compositions above this, material loss occurs via a break-up of material into finer particles that in combination with the higher loads results in greater material loss. The measured wear scar volumes for the TiAlN/TiB2 multilayer coatings are approximately three times lower than those measured on the substrate, thus validating the increased wear resistance offered by these composite coatings. View Full-Text
Keywords: hard coatings; nitrides; borides; tool wear; wear; multilayers hard coatings; nitrides; borides; tool wear; wear; multilayers
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Rao, J.; Sharma, A.; Rose, T. Titanium Aluminium Nitride and Titanium Boride Multilayer Coatings Designed to Combat Tool Wear. Coatings 2018, 8, 12.

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