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Open AccessFeature PaperReview

Customized Therapeutic Surface Coatings for Dental Implants

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Department of Restorative Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Taibah University, Al Madinah, Al Munawwarah 41311, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Dental Materials, Islamic International Dental College, Riphah International University, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
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Adult Restorative Dentistry, Dental Biomaterials and Prosthodontics, Oman Dental College, Muscat 116, Oman
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School of Dental Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia Health Campus, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan 16150, Malaysia
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Centre for Genetics and Inherited Diseases (CGID), Taibah University, Madinah AlMunawwarah 42318, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Prosthetic Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh 11545, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Prosthodontics and Dental Implantology, College of Dentistry, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa 31982, Saudia Arabia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Coatings 2020, 10(6), 568; https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings10060568
Received: 23 May 2020 / Revised: 15 June 2020 / Accepted: 15 June 2020 / Published: 17 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Coatings for Manufacturing Prosthetic Tubular Devices)
Dental implants are frequently used to support fixed or removable dental prostheses to replace missing teeth. The clinical success of titanium dental implants is owed to the exceptional biocompatibility and osseointegration with the bone. Therefore, the enhanced therapeutic effectiveness of dental implants had always been preferred. Several concepts for implant coating and local drug delivery had been developed during the last decades. A drug is generally released by diffusion-controlled, solvent-controlled, and chemical controlled methods. Although a range of surface modifications and coatings (antimicrobial, bioactive, therapeutic drugs) have been explored for dental implants, it is still a long way from designing sophisticated therapeutic implant surfaces to achieve the specific needs of dental patients. The present article reviews various interdisciplinary aspects of surface coatings on dental implants from the perspectives of biomaterials, coatings, drug release, and related therapeutic effects. Additionally, the various types of implant coatings, localized drug release from coatings, and how released agents influence the bone–implant surface interface characteristics are discussed. This paper also highlights several strategies for local drug delivery and their limitations in dental implant coatings as some of these concepts are yet to be applied in clinical settings due to the specific requirements of individual patients. View Full-Text
Keywords: coating; dental implant; drug delivery; leaching; surface treatment; topography; prosthodontics; therapeutic agents coating; dental implant; drug delivery; leaching; surface treatment; topography; prosthodontics; therapeutic agents
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zafar, M.S.; Fareed, M.A.; Riaz, S.; Latif, M.; Habib, S.R.; Khurshid, Z. Customized Therapeutic Surface Coatings for Dental Implants. Coatings 2020, 10, 568.

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