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Open AccessArticle

Fabrication of Composite Ultrafiltration Membrane by Coating Urea Formaldehyde Resin on Filter Paper

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Jiangsu Co-Innovation Center of Efficient Processing and Utilization of Forest Resources, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China
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National-Provincial Joint Engineering Research Center of Electromechanical Product Packaging, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Coatings 2020, 10(5), 482; https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings10050482
Received: 23 February 2020 / Revised: 16 April 2020 / Accepted: 14 May 2020 / Published: 18 May 2020
Urea-formaldehyde resin (UFR), a thermosetting resin, is used to prepare ultrafiltration membranes because of its excellent mechanical properties and filtration performance. Herein, a porous ultrafiltration membrane is prepared by coating a mixture of UFR and carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) on the surface of filter paper via a facile acid-curing treatment method. CMC is used as a thickening agent, and hydrochloric acid is used as a curing agent to accelerate composite membrane formation. The mesoporous UFR is embedded in the large pores of the paper matrix by coating treatment, and the presence of CMC can decrease the flowability of the resin. The effects of UFR concentration, CMC dosage, and hydrochloric acid concentration on the performance of the composite ultrafiltration membrane are studied. The ultrafiltration membrane demonstrates a rejection rate of 85% and a pure water flux of 850 L/(m2·h) with the optimized resin concentration, CMC dosage, hydrochloric acid concentration, and coating amount at 30%, 20% (resin dry), 12%, and 250 g/m2, respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: urea-formaldehyde resin; ultrafiltration membrane; rejection rate; pure water flux urea-formaldehyde resin; ultrafiltration membrane; rejection rate; pure water flux
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lu, H.; Zhang, L.; Shi, Y.; Ma, J.; Zhou, X. Fabrication of Composite Ultrafiltration Membrane by Coating Urea Formaldehyde Resin on Filter Paper. Coatings 2020, 10, 482.

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