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Article

MAPLE Deposition of Binary and Ternary Organic Bulk Heterojunctions Based on Zinc Phthalocyanine

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National Institute of Material Physics, 405A Atomistilor Street, P.O. Box MG-7, 077125 Magurele, Romania
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Faculty of Physics, University of Bucharest, 405 Atomistilor Street, P.O. Box MG-11, 077125 Magurele, Romania
3
National Institute for Lasers, Plasma and Radiation Physics, 409 Atomistilor Street, P.O. Box MG-36, 077125 Magurele, Romania
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Coatings 2020, 10(10), 956; https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings10100956
Received: 21 September 2020 / Revised: 1 October 2020 / Accepted: 2 October 2020 / Published: 4 October 2020
Organic bulk heterojunctions (BHJ) based on zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc), fullerene compounds (C60 fullerene and [6,6]-phenyl C71 butyric acid methyl ester (PC70BM)), and 5,6,11,12-tetraphenylnaphthacene (rubrene) were fabricated through the matrix-assisted pulsed-laser evaporation (MAPLE) technique. Thus, ZnPc:C60 and ZnPc:PC70BM binary BHJ and ZnPc:rubrene:PC70BM ternary BHJ were deposited as thin films on various substrates. The preservation of the chemical structure of the organic compounds during the MAPLE deposition was confirmed by infrared spectroscopy. The structural, optical, and morphological properties of the deposited layers were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), UV-Vis spectroscopy, photoluminescence (PL), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), and atomic force microscopy (AFM), respectively. Further, the electrical properties of the developed structures based on ZnPc:C60, ZnPc:PC70BM, and ZnPc:rubrene:PC70BM were evaluated. The J-V characteristics of the organic structures, recorded under illumination, show that an increase in the open-circuit voltage (VOC) is achieved in the case of the ternary blend in comparison with that obtained for the binary blends. The results evidenced that MAPLE-deposited thin films containing binary and ternary organic bulk heterojunctions can find applications in the field of photovoltaic devices. View Full-Text
Keywords: MAPLE; zinc phthalocyanine; fullerene C60; PC70BM; rubrene; photovoltaic cell MAPLE; zinc phthalocyanine; fullerene C60; PC70BM; rubrene; photovoltaic cell
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MDPI and ACS Style

Socol, M.; Preda, N.; Petre, G.; Costas, A.; Rasoga, O.; Popescu-Pelin, G.; Mihailescu, A.; Stanculescu, A.; Socol, G. MAPLE Deposition of Binary and Ternary Organic Bulk Heterojunctions Based on Zinc Phthalocyanine. Coatings 2020, 10, 956. https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings10100956

AMA Style

Socol M, Preda N, Petre G, Costas A, Rasoga O, Popescu-Pelin G, Mihailescu A, Stanculescu A, Socol G. MAPLE Deposition of Binary and Ternary Organic Bulk Heterojunctions Based on Zinc Phthalocyanine. Coatings. 2020; 10(10):956. https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings10100956

Chicago/Turabian Style

Socol, Marcela, Nicoleta Preda, Gabriela Petre, Andreea Costas, Oana Rasoga, Gianina Popescu-Pelin, Andreea Mihailescu, Anca Stanculescu, and Gabriel Socol. 2020. "MAPLE Deposition of Binary and Ternary Organic Bulk Heterojunctions Based on Zinc Phthalocyanine" Coatings 10, no. 10: 956. https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings10100956

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