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Antibiotics 2018, 7(4), 99; https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics7040099

Development of Immunochromatographic Assay for Determination of Tetracycline in Human Serum

1
A.N. Bach Institute of Biochemistry, Research Center of Biotechnology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow 119071, Russian
2
School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 October 2018 / Revised: 12 November 2018 / Accepted: 12 November 2018 / Published: 13 November 2018
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Abstract

Determining antibiotic concentration in human blood provides useful pharmacokinetic information. Commonly used methods such as ELISA require a long time to obtain results and thus cannot be applied when information is needed immediately. In this study, a novel antibody-based lateral flow technique was developed for tetracycline detection in human serum. Contrary to tests developed to analyze food samples, the features of work with serum as analyzed probe were studied for the first time here. The application of labeled and unlabeled specific antibodies was compared. For this purpose, specific and anti-species antibodies were labeled with gold nanoparticles and used for antigen–antibody interaction on the membrane surface with observed staining in the test zone. For both schemes, optimal conditions were established to provide the best sensitivity. The developed assay has a limit of visual detection as low as 35 and 11 ng/mL for the direct and indirect labeled antibodies, respectively. The limit of instrumental detection is from 0.4 to 3.5 ng/mL for diluted and undiluted sera. The use of indirect antibody labeling showed a small increase in sensitivity compared to traditional direct antibody labeling. The developed method showed no cross-reactivity with antibiotics of other classes. The method was used to test samples of serum. The results showed high correlation with the data obtained by ELISA (R2 = 0.98968). The assay provides a quick assessment of the amount of antibiotics in the blood and keeps them under control throughout the duration of therapy. View Full-Text
Keywords: tetracycline; human serum; lateral flow; antibiotics detection; immunoassay; gold nanoparticles tetracycline; human serum; lateral flow; antibiotics detection; immunoassay; gold nanoparticles
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Berlina, A.N.; Bartosh, A.V.; Zherdev, A.V.; Xu, C.; Dzantiev, B.B. Development of Immunochromatographic Assay for Determination of Tetracycline in Human Serum. Antibiotics 2018, 7, 99.

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