Next Article in Journal
Qualitative Risk Assessment for Antimicrobial Resistance among Humans from Salmon Fillet Consumption Due to the High Use of Antibiotics against Bacterial Infections in Farmed Salmon
Previous Article in Journal
Use of Novel Antibiograms to Determine the Need for Earlier Susceptibility Testing and Administration for New β-Lactam/β-Lactamase Inhibitors in the United States
Article

General Practitioners’, Pharmacists’ and Parents’ Views on Antibiotic Use and Resistance in Malta: An Exploratory Qualitative Study

1
Department of Global Public Health, Health Systems and Policy (HSP): Improving Use of Medicines, Karolinska Institutet, Tomtebodavägen 18A, 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
2
Department of Infection Prevention and Control, Mater Dei Hospital, MSD 2090 Msida, Malta
3
Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, University of Malta, MSD 2080 Msida, Malta
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Masafumi Seki
Antibiotics 2022, 11(5), 661; https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics11050661
Received: 12 April 2022 / Revised: 5 May 2022 / Accepted: 12 May 2022 / Published: 14 May 2022
Background: Antibiotic resistance (ABR) remains a global health threat that requires urgent action. Antibiotic use is a key driver of ABR and is particularly problematic in the outpatient setting. General practitioners (GPs), the public, and pharmacists therefore play an important role in safeguarding antibiotics. In this study, we aimed to gain a better understanding of the antibiotic prescribing-use-dispensation dynamic in Malta from the perspective of GPs, pharmacists, and parents; Methods: we conducted 8 focus groups with 8 GPs, 24 pharmacists, and 18 parents between 2014 and 2016. Data were analysed using inductive and deductive content analysis; Results: Awareness on antibiotic overuse and ABR was generally high among interviewees although antibiotic use was thought to be improving. Despite this, some believed that antibiotic demand, non-compliance, and over-the-counter dispensing are still a problem. Nevertheless, interviewees believed that the public is more accepting of alternative strategies, such as delayed antibiotic prescription. Both GPs and pharmacists were enthusiastic about their roles as patient educators in raising knowledge and awareness in this context; Conclusions: While antibiotic use and misuse, and knowledge and awareness, were perceived to have improved in Malta, our study suggests that even though stakeholders indicated willingness to drive change, there is still much room for improvement. View Full-Text
Keywords: antibiotics; antibiotic resistance; parents; public; general practitioners; pharmacists; respiratory tract infections; qualitative; focus group discussion antibiotics; antibiotic resistance; parents; public; general practitioners; pharmacists; respiratory tract infections; qualitative; focus group discussion
MDPI and ACS Style

Saleh, H.A.; Borg, M.A.; Stålsby Lundborg, C.; Saliba-Gustafsson, E.A. General Practitioners’, Pharmacists’ and Parents’ Views on Antibiotic Use and Resistance in Malta: An Exploratory Qualitative Study. Antibiotics 2022, 11, 661. https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics11050661

AMA Style

Saleh HA, Borg MA, Stålsby Lundborg C, Saliba-Gustafsson EA. General Practitioners’, Pharmacists’ and Parents’ Views on Antibiotic Use and Resistance in Malta: An Exploratory Qualitative Study. Antibiotics. 2022; 11(5):661. https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics11050661

Chicago/Turabian Style

Saleh, Hager A., Michael A. Borg, Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg, and Erika A. Saliba-Gustafsson. 2022. "General Practitioners’, Pharmacists’ and Parents’ Views on Antibiotic Use and Resistance in Malta: An Exploratory Qualitative Study" Antibiotics 11, no. 5: 661. https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics11050661

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop