Next Article in Journal
Assessment of Appropriateness of Antimicrobial Therapy in Resource-Constrained Settings: Development and Piloting of a Novel Tool—AmRAT
Previous Article in Journal
Multidrug-Resistant Coagulase-Negative Staphylococci Isolated from Bloodstream in the uMgungundlovu District of KwaZulu-Natal Province in South Africa: Emerging Pathogens
Article

Antimicrobial Prescription Pattern in Ho Teaching Hospital, Ghana: Seasonal Determination Using a Point Prevalence Survey

1
School of Pharmacy, University of Health and Allied Sciences, PMB 31, Ho, Ghana
2
Ho Teaching Hospital, P.O. Box MA 374, Ho, Ghana
3
Department of Pharmacy, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology Hospital, University Post Office, KNUST, Kumasi, Ghana
4
Department of Clinical Research, Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1N 1AX, UK
5
Department of Practice and Policy, University College London School of Pharmacy, London WC1N 1AX, UK
6
Joint Research Office, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK
7
Centre for Medicines Optimisation Research and Education, University College London Hospitals, NHS Foundation Trust, London NW1 2BU, UK
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Italo Francesco Angelillo
Antibiotics 2021, 10(2), 199; https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics10020199
Received: 18 December 2020 / Revised: 9 February 2021 / Accepted: 11 February 2021 / Published: 18 February 2021
A standardised Global Point Prevalence Survey (PPS) tool was used to determine the antimicrobial prescription pattern in the Ho Teaching Hospital on two separate occasions in a total of 14 wards in the hospital, including dedicated wards for paediatrics and neonates. Manually collected and anonymised data were entered, validated, analysed and reported using a web-based global PPS application. With 147 and 153 patients considered in the July 2019 and January 2020 surveys, respectively, 98 patients (66.7%) and 84 patients (54.9%) had received one or more antimicrobials. The prevalence of antimicrobial use in the adult wards was 64.3% (72/112) and 53.4% (63/118) in the first and second surveys, respectively. The prevalence in the paediatric wards was 60.0% (12/20) and 62.5% (10/16), respectively, in the two surveys, while that in the neonatal wards was 93.3% (14/15) and 57.9% (11/19), respectively. β-lactams were the most used antibiotics in both periods. Malaria was the most common diagnosis requiring the use of antimicrobials in July 2019, accounting for 19.4% of the diagnoses, whereas in January 2020, it was skin and soft-tissue conditions (28.1%). This reflects a seasonal association between malaria and rainfall patterns. Out of the antimicrobials prescribed during each of the survey periods, 95% were used for empirical treatment, and this could be attributed to a number of reasons, including logistical challenges, among others, that require further exploration in the context of local, national and international policy recommendations. View Full-Text
Keywords: point prevalence survey; developing countries; antimicrobial stewardship point prevalence survey; developing countries; antimicrobial stewardship
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Dodoo, C.C.; Orman, E.; Alalbila, T.; Mensah, A.; Jato, J.; Mfoafo, K.A.; Folitse, I.; Hutton-Nyameaye, A.; Okon Ben, I.; Mensah-Kane, P.; Sarkodie, E.; Kpokiri, E.; Ladva, M.; Awadzi, B.; Jani, Y. Antimicrobial Prescription Pattern in Ho Teaching Hospital, Ghana: Seasonal Determination Using a Point Prevalence Survey. Antibiotics 2021, 10, 199. https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics10020199

AMA Style

Dodoo CC, Orman E, Alalbila T, Mensah A, Jato J, Mfoafo KA, Folitse I, Hutton-Nyameaye A, Okon Ben I, Mensah-Kane P, Sarkodie E, Kpokiri E, Ladva M, Awadzi B, Jani Y. Antimicrobial Prescription Pattern in Ho Teaching Hospital, Ghana: Seasonal Determination Using a Point Prevalence Survey. Antibiotics. 2021; 10(2):199. https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics10020199

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dodoo, Cornelius C., Emmanuel Orman, Thelma Alalbila, Adelaide Mensah, Jonathan Jato, Kwadwo A. Mfoafo, Isaac Folitse, Araba Hutton-Nyameaye, Inemesit Okon Ben, Paapa Mensah-Kane, Emmanuel Sarkodie, Eneyi Kpokiri, Misha Ladva, Benedict Awadzi, and Yogini Jani. 2021. "Antimicrobial Prescription Pattern in Ho Teaching Hospital, Ghana: Seasonal Determination Using a Point Prevalence Survey" Antibiotics 10, no. 2: 199. https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics10020199

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop