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Use of Electronic Noses in Seawater Quality Monitoring: A Systematic Review

National Research Council of Italy, Institute of Clinical Physiology (CNR-IFC), Via Moruzzi 1, 56124 Pisa, Italy
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Biosensors 2018, 8(4), 115; https://doi.org/10.3390/bios8040115
Received: 29 October 2018 / Revised: 16 November 2018 / Accepted: 19 November 2018 / Published: 23 November 2018
Electronic nose (eNose) systems are particularly appreciated for their portability, usability, relative low cost, and real-time or near real-time response. Their application finds space in several domains, including environmental monitoring. Within this field, marine monitoring is of particular scientific relevance due to the fragility of this specific environment, daily threatened by human activities that can potentially bring to catastrophic and irreversible consequences on marine wildlife. Under such considerations, a systematic review, complying with the PRISMA guidelines, was conducted covering the period up to 15 October 2018, in PubMed, ScienceDirect, and Google Scholar. Despite the relatively low number of articles published on this specific topic and the heterogeneity of the technological approaches employed, the results obtained by the various groups highlight the positive contribution eNose has given and can provide in near future for the monitoring and safeguarding of this delicate environment. View Full-Text
Keywords: chemical sensors; eNose; environmental monitoring; seawater; sensors; volatile organic compounds chemical sensors; eNose; environmental monitoring; seawater; sensors; volatile organic compounds
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Tonacci, A.; Sansone, F.; Conte, R.; Domenici, C. Use of Electronic Noses in Seawater Quality Monitoring: A Systematic Review. Biosensors 2018, 8, 115.

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