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Open AccessReview

Screen-Printed Electrode-Based Sensors for Food Spoilage Control: Bacteria and Biogenic Amines Detection

1
REQUIMTE/LAQV, Instituto Superior de Engenharia do Porto, Instituto Politécnico do Porto, Dr. António Bernardino de Almeida 431, 4200-072 Porto, Portugal
2
Departamento de Química Física y Analítica, Universidad de Oviedo, Av. Julián Clavería 8, 33006 Oviedo, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
This article is dedicated to the memory of Professor Agustín Costa-García.
Biosensors 2020, 10(10), 139; https://doi.org/10.3390/bios10100139
Received: 31 August 2020 / Revised: 25 September 2020 / Accepted: 28 September 2020 / Published: 30 September 2020
Food spoilage is caused by the development of microorganisms, biogenic amines, and other harmful substances, which, when consumed, can lead to different health problems. Foodborne diseases can be avoided by assessing the safety and freshness of food along the production and supply chains. The routine methods for food analysis usually involve long analysis times and complex instrumentation and are performed in centralized laboratories. In this context, sensors based on screen-printed electrodes (SPEs) have gained increasing importance because of their advantageous characteristics, such as ease of use and portability, which allow fast analysis in point-of-need scenarios. This review provides a comprehensive overview of SPE-based sensors for the evaluation of food safety and freshness, focusing on the determination of bacteria and biogenic amines. After discussing the characteristics of SPEs as transducers, the main bacteria, and biogenic amines responsible for important and common foodborne diseases are described. Then, SPE-based sensors for the analysis of these bacteria and biogenic amines in food samples are discussed, comparing several parameters, such as limit of detection, analysis time, and sample type. View Full-Text
Keywords: screen-printed electrode; electroanalysis; electrochemical sensor; biosensor; immunosensor; food analysis; bacteria; biogenic amines; histamine screen-printed electrode; electroanalysis; electrochemical sensor; biosensor; immunosensor; food analysis; bacteria; biogenic amines; histamine
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MDPI and ACS Style

Torre, R.; Costa-Rama, E.; Nouws, H.P.A.; Delerue-Matos, C. Screen-Printed Electrode-Based Sensors for Food Spoilage Control: Bacteria and Biogenic Amines Detection. Biosensors 2020, 10, 139. https://doi.org/10.3390/bios10100139

AMA Style

Torre R, Costa-Rama E, Nouws HPA, Delerue-Matos C. Screen-Printed Electrode-Based Sensors for Food Spoilage Control: Bacteria and Biogenic Amines Detection. Biosensors. 2020; 10(10):139. https://doi.org/10.3390/bios10100139

Chicago/Turabian Style

Torre, Ricarda; Costa-Rama, Estefanía; Nouws, Henri P.A.; Delerue-Matos, Cristina. 2020. "Screen-Printed Electrode-Based Sensors for Food Spoilage Control: Bacteria and Biogenic Amines Detection" Biosensors 10, no. 10: 139. https://doi.org/10.3390/bios10100139

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Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

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