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A Novel Immunoreagent for the Specific and Sensitive Detection of the Explosive Triacetone Triperoxide (TATP)

BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Richard-Willstätter-Strasse 11, D-12489 Berlin, Germany
Chemistry Department, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Brook-Taylor-Strasse 2, D-12489 Berlin, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Biosensors 2011, 1(3), 93-106;
Received: 14 May 2011 / Revised: 14 June 2011 / Accepted: 1 July 2011 / Published: 7 July 2011
PDF [479 KB, uploaded 7 July 2011]


Triacetone triperoxide (TATP) is a primary explosive, which was used in various terrorist attacks in the past. For the development of biosensors, immunochemical µ-TAS, electronic noses, immunological test kits, or test strips, the availability of antibodies of high quality is crucial. Recently, we presented the successful immunization of mice, based on the design, synthesis, and conjugation of a novel TATP derivative. Here, the long-term immunization of rabbits is shown, which resulted in antibodies of extreme selectivity and more than 1,000 times better affinity in relation to the antibodies from mice. Detection limits below 10 ng L−1 (water) were achieved. The working range covers more than four decades, calculated from a precision profile. The cross-reactivity tests revealed an extraordinary selectivity of the antibodies—not a single compound could be identified as a relevant cross-reactant. The presented immunoreagent might be a major step for the development of highly sensitive and selective TATP detectors particularly for security applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: organic peroxides; terrorism; biosensor development organic peroxides; terrorism; biosensor development

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Walter, M.A.; Panne, U.; Weller, M.G. A Novel Immunoreagent for the Specific and Sensitive Detection of the Explosive Triacetone Triperoxide (TATP). Biosensors 2011, 1, 93-106.

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