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The Synthesis, Structure, Morphology Characterizations and Evolution Mechanisms of Nanosized Titanium Carbides and Their Further Applications

1
Key Laboratory of Automobile Materials, Ministry of Education and School of Materials Science and Engineering, Jilin University, Renmin Street NO. 5988, Changchun 130025, China
2
Qingdao Automotive Research Institute of Jilin University, Qingdao 266000, China
3
School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun 130025, China
4
National Demonstration Center for Experimental Materials Science and Engineering Education, Jiangsu University of Science and Technology, Zhenjiang 212003, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2019, 9(8), 1152; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9081152
Received: 25 June 2019 / Revised: 8 August 2019 / Accepted: 8 August 2019 / Published: 11 August 2019
PDF [6979 KB, uploaded 11 August 2019]

Abstract

It is widely known that the special performances and extensive applications of the nanoscale materials are determined by their as-synthesized structures, especially their growth sizes and morphologies. Hereinto, titanium carbides, which show brilliant comprehensive properties, have attracted considerable attention from researchers. How to give full play to their potentials in the light-weight manufacture, microwave absorption, electromagnetic protection, energy conversion and catalyst areas has been widely studied. In this summarized article, the synthesis methods and mechanisms, corresponding growth morphologies of titanium carbides and their further applications were briefly reviewed and analyzed according to their different morphological dimensions, including one-dimensional nanostructures, two-dimensional nanosheets and three-dimensional nanoparticles. It is believed that through the investigation of the crystal structures, synthesis methods, growth mechanisms, and morphology characterizations of those titanium carbides, new lights could be shed on the regulation and control of the ceramic phase specific morphologies to meet with their excellent properties and applications. In addition, the corresponding development prospects and challenges of titanium carbides with various growth morphologies were also summarized.
Keywords: titanium carbides; nanostructures; excellent performances; crystal growth mechanism; morphology evolution manipulation titanium carbides; nanostructures; excellent performances; crystal growth mechanism; morphology evolution manipulation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Dong, B.-X.; Qiu, F.; Li, Q.; Shu, S.-L.; Yang, H.-Y.; Jiang, Q.-C. The Synthesis, Structure, Morphology Characterizations and Evolution Mechanisms of Nanosized Titanium Carbides and Their Further Applications. Nanomaterials 2019, 9, 1152.

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