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Ethynylation of Formaldehyde over CuO/SiO2 Catalysts Modified by Mg Species: Effects of the Existential States of Mg Species

Engineering Research Center of Ministry of Education for Fine Chemicals, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China
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Nanomaterials 2019, 9(8), 1137; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9081137
Received: 11 July 2019 / Revised: 4 August 2019 / Accepted: 5 August 2019 / Published: 7 August 2019
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Abstract

The highly effective catalytic synthesis of 1,4-butynediol (BD) from the Reppe process is a fascinating technology in modern chemical industry. In this work, we reported the effects of the existential states of Mg species in the CuO/silica-magnesia catalysts for the ethynylation of formaldehyde in a simulative slurry reactor. The physichemical properties of the supports and the corresponding catalysts were extensively characterized by various techniques. The experimental results indicated that the introduced Mg species in the form of MgO particles, MgO microcrystals, or Si-O-Mg structures effectively resulted in an abundance of medium-strong basic sites, which can synergize with the active Cu+ species, facilitate the activation of acetylene, and improve the ethynylation activity. For the CuO/MgO-SiO2 catalyst, the existence of Si-O-Mg structures strengthened the Cu–support interaction, which were beneficial to improving the dispersion and the valence stability of the active Cu+ species. The highly dispersed Cu+ species, its stable valence state, and the abundant medium-strong basic sites enhanced the synergistic effect significantly, leading to the superior activity and stability of CuO/MgO-SiO2. The insights into the role of the existential states of Mg species and the revelation of the synergistic effect between active Cu+ species and basic sites can provide theoretic guidance for future rational design of catalysts for the ethynylation reation. View Full-Text
Keywords: Si-O-Mg structures; synergistic effect; Mg species; Reppe process Si-O-Mg structures; synergistic effect; Mg species; Reppe process
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Wang, Z.; Ban, L.; Meng, P.; Li, H.; Zhao, Y. Ethynylation of Formaldehyde over CuO/SiO2 Catalysts Modified by Mg Species: Effects of the Existential States of Mg Species. Nanomaterials 2019, 9, 1137.

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