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Densely Distributed Multiple Resonance Modes in a Fan-Shaped Plasmonic Nanostructure Demonstrated by FEM Simulations

1,2, 1,2,*, 1,2 and 1,2
1
College of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China
2
THz Technical Research Center of Shenzhen University, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2019, 9(7), 975; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9070975
Received: 2 June 2019 / Revised: 24 June 2019 / Accepted: 26 June 2019 / Published: 4 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Photonic and Plasmonic Nanomaterials)
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Abstract

Multiple resonance modes have important applications since they can provide multi-frequency operation for devices and bring great flexibility in practice. In this paper, based on a fan-shaped cavity coupled to a metal-isolator-metal (MIM) waveguide, a new kind of ultracompact plasmonic nanostructure is proposed to realize multiple resonance modes with dense distribution in a broad spectral range, and demonstrated through finite-element method (FEM) simulations. As many as ten resonance modes with an average interval of about 30 nm are obtained. They originate from the coexistence and interference of three types of basic modes in the fan-shaped cavity, i.e., the ring-waveguide modes, the modes in a ring array of periodic air grooves, and the metal-core-cavity modes. The dependence of resonance modes on structure parameters is investigated, which can provide an effective guide for choosing appropriate multiple-resonance-mode structures. Furthermore, by means of adjusting the geometrical asymmetry induced by the axial offset of the metal core in the fan-shaped cavity, the resonance modes can be effectively modulated, and some new modes appear because the wave path in the cavity is changed. The result proposes a novel way to create multiple resonance modes in plasmonic nanostructures, providing additional degrees of freedom for tailoring the resonance spectra and promising applications in various plasmonic devices, such as optical filters, ultrafast switches, biochemical sensors, and data storages. View Full-Text
Keywords: surface plasmon polaritons; fan-shaped cavity; tunable resonances; coupled-cavity system; mode interference; finite element method surface plasmon polaritons; fan-shaped cavity; tunable resonances; coupled-cavity system; mode interference; finite element method
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Wang, Q.; Ouyang, Z.; Liu, Q.; Lin, M. Densely Distributed Multiple Resonance Modes in a Fan-Shaped Plasmonic Nanostructure Demonstrated by FEM Simulations. Nanomaterials 2019, 9, 975.

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