Effects of Laser Plasma Formation on Quasi-Phase Matching of High-Order Harmonics from Nanoparticles and Atoms
AbstractThe application of nanoparticles (NPs) and quasi-phase matching (QPM) each play an important role in the enhancement of high-order harmonics (HHG) of ultrashort laser pulses. We analyze various regimes of nanoparticle plasma formation for the creation conditions for maximal QPM-induced enhancement of the groups of harmonics in the extreme ultraviolet (XUV). Laser plasmas were formed on the surfaces of NPs- and microparticle (MPs)-contained targets using ablation by nanosecond, picosecond, and femtosecond pulses. Different conditions of laser plasma formation (extended and perforated plasma) and variable concentrations of free electrons in these three cases of laser ablation led to modifications of QPM conditions. We demonstrate novel approaches in the optimization of QPM at the conditions of laser ablation of NPs and MPs by pulses of different durations. The formation of QPM conditions using femtosecond and picosecond heating pulses during HHG in such plasmas allowed the growth of conversion efficiency of the groups of harmonics, with the enhancement factors exceeding 25× in different ranges of XUV, contrary to less efficient QPM in the case of nanosecond pulse-induced ablation. View Full-Text
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Ganeev, R.A.; Boltaev, G.S.; Kim, V.V.; Guo, C. Effects of Laser Plasma Formation on Quasi-Phase Matching of High-Order Harmonics from Nanoparticles and Atoms. Nanomaterials 2019, 9, 572.
Ganeev RA, Boltaev GS, Kim VV, Guo C. Effects of Laser Plasma Formation on Quasi-Phase Matching of High-Order Harmonics from Nanoparticles and Atoms. Nanomaterials. 2019; 9(4):572.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ganeev, Rashid A.; Boltaev, Ganjaboy S.; Kim, Vyacheslav V.; Guo, Chunlei. 2019. "Effects of Laser Plasma Formation on Quasi-Phase Matching of High-Order Harmonics from Nanoparticles and Atoms." Nanomaterials 9, no. 4: 572.
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