Cholic acid-conjugated methylcellulose-polyethylenimines (MCPEI-CAs) were synthesized and characterized for drug delivery systems. Their synthesis was confirmed by 1
H NMR and FT-IR analysis. Induced circular dichroism result with Congo red showed that methylcellulose (MC) and polyethylenimine-grafted cationic derivative (MC-PEI) would have helical conformation and random coil structure, respectively. It was found that MCPEI-CAs could form positively charged (>30 mV Zeta-potential) and spherical nano-aggregates (~250 nm Z-average size) by hydrophobic interaction of CA moieties. Critical aggregation concentration of MCPEI-CA10
was measured as 7.2 × 10−3
could encapsulate the anticancer drug doxorubicin (Dox) with 58.0% of drug loading content and 23.2% of drug loading efficiency and its release was facilitated in acidic condition. Cytotoxicity of MCPEI-CAs was increased with the increase of cholic acid (CA) graft degrees, probably due to the cellular membrane disruption by interaction with specific molecular structure of amphiphilic MCPEI-CA nano-aggregates. MCPEI-CA10
/Dox nano-aggregates showed concentration-dependent anticancer activity, which could overcome the multidrug resistance of cancer cells. In this work, molecular conformation change of MC derivatives by chemical modification and a potential of MCPEI-CA10
/Dox nano-aggregates for drug delivery systems were revealed.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited