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Nanomaterials 2018, 8(6), 391; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano8060391

Fluorescence and Cytotoxicity of Cadmium Sulfide Quantum Dots Stabilized on Clay Nanotubes

1
Functional Aluminosilicate Nanomaterials Lab, Gubkin University, Moscow 119991, Russia
2
Bionanotechnology Lab, Institute of Fundamental Medicine and Biology, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation, 420008
3
Institute for Micromanufacturing, Louisiana Tech University, Ruston, LA 71272, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 May 2018 / Revised: 26 May 2018 / Accepted: 28 May 2018 / Published: 31 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanocolloids for Nanomedicine and Drug Delivery)
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Abstract

Quantum dots (QD) are widely used for cellular labeling due to enhanced brightness, resistance to photobleaching, and multicolor light emissions. CdS and CdxZn1xS nanoparticles with sizes of 6–8 nm were synthesized via a ligand assisted technique inside and outside of 50 nm diameter halloysite clay nanotubes (QD were immobilized on the tube’s surface). The halloysite–QD composites were tested by labeling human skin fibroblasts and prostate cancer cells. In human cell cultures, halloysite–QD systems were internalized by living cells, and demonstrated intense and stable fluorescence combined with pronounced nanotube light scattering. The best signal stability was observed for QD that were synthesized externally on the amino-grafted halloysite. The best cell viability was observed for CdxZn1xS QD immobilized onto the azine-grafted halloysite. The possibility to use QD clay nanotube core-shell nanoarchitectures for the intracellular labeling was demonstrated. A pronounced scattering and fluorescence by halloysite–QD systems allows for their promising usage as markers for biomedical applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: bioimaging; nanoarchitectures; halloysite; intracellular labeling bioimaging; nanoarchitectures; halloysite; intracellular labeling
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Stavitskaya, A.V.; Novikov, A.A.; Kotelev, M.S.; Kopitsyn, D.S.; Rozhina, E.V.; Ishmukhametov, I.R.; Fakhrullin, R.F.; Ivanov, E.V.; Lvov, Y.M.; Vinokurov, V.A. Fluorescence and Cytotoxicity of Cadmium Sulfide Quantum Dots Stabilized on Clay Nanotubes. Nanomaterials 2018, 8, 391.

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