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Nanomaterials 2018, 8(5), 328;

Nanostructured Graphene: An Active Component in Optoelectronic Devices

Department of Electronic Engineering, Gachon University, Seongnam 13120, Korea
Received: 11 April 2018 / Revised: 11 May 2018 / Accepted: 12 May 2018 / Published: 14 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Synthesis, Structure and Applications of 2D Nanomaterials)
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Nanostructured and chemically modified graphene-based nanomaterials possess intriguing properties for their incorporation as an active component in a wide spectrum of optoelectronic architectures. From a technological point of view, this aspect brings many new opportunities to the now well-known atomically thin carbon sheet, multiplying its application areas beyond transparent electrodes. This article gives an overview of fundamental concepts, theoretical backgrounds, design principles, technological implications, and recent advances in semiconductor devices that integrate nanostructured graphene materials into their active region. Starting from the unique electronic nature of graphene, a physical understanding of finite-size effects, non-idealities, and functionalizing mechanisms is established. This is followed by the conceptualization of hybridized films, addressing how the insertion of graphene can modulate or improve material properties. Importantly, it provides general guidelines for designing new materials and devices with specific characteristics. Next, a number of notable devices found in the literature are highlighted. It provides practical information on material preparation, device fabrication, and optimization for high-performance optoelectronics with a graphene hybrid channel. Finally, concluding remarks are made with the summary of the current status, scientific issues, and meaningful approaches to realizing next-generation technologies. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanostructured graphene; hybrid nanotechnology; chemical functionalization; optoelectronics; semiconductor devices nanostructured graphene; hybrid nanotechnology; chemical functionalization; optoelectronics; semiconductor devices

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Kim, C.-H. Nanostructured Graphene: An Active Component in Optoelectronic Devices. Nanomaterials 2018, 8, 328.

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