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Nanomaterials 2018, 8(4), 255; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano8040255

Self-Sacrificial Salt Templating: Simple Auxiliary Control over the Nanoporous Structure of Porous Carbon Monoliths Prepared through the Solvothermal Route

1
Science and Technology on Advanced Ceramic Fibers and Composites Laboratory, National University of Defense Technology, 109 De Ya Rd, Changsha 410073, China
2
Guangdong Alison Hi-Tech Co., Ltd., Qingyuan 513042, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 March 2018 / Revised: 10 April 2018 / Accepted: 16 April 2018 / Published: 19 April 2018
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Abstract

The conventional sol-gel method for preparing porous carbons is tedious and high-cost to prepare porous carbons and the control over the nanoporous architecture by solvents and carbonization is restricted. A simple and novel self-sacrificial salt templating method was first presented to adjust the microporous structure of porous carbon monoliths synthesized via the solvothermal method. Apart from good monolithic appearance, the solvothermal route allowed for ambient drying because it made sure that the polymerization reaction was completed quickly and thoroughly. The intact and crack-free porous carbon monoliths were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermogravimetric differential scanning calorimetry (TG-DSC), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and nitrogen sorption measurements. It was proven that the self-sacrificial salts NH4SCN had been removed during pyrolyzing and so, porous carbon monoliths could be directly obtained after carbonization without the need of washing removal of salts. Most importantly, the microporous specific surface area of the resultant porous carbon monoliths was dramatically increased up to 770 m2/g and the Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) specific surface area was up to 1131 m2/g. That was because the salts NH4SCN as self-sacrificial templating helped to form more around 0.6 nm, 0.72 nm and 1.1 nm micropores. The self-sacrificial salt templating is also a suitable and feasible method for controlling the nanoporous structure of other porous materials. View Full-Text
Keywords: self-sacrificial salt templating; porous carbon monoliths; solvothermal method; nanoporous structure self-sacrificial salt templating; porous carbon monoliths; solvothermal method; nanoporous structure
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Zhang, Z.; Feng, J.; Jiang, Y.; Liu, P.; Zhang, Q.; Wei, R.; Chen, X.; Feng, J. Self-Sacrificial Salt Templating: Simple Auxiliary Control over the Nanoporous Structure of Porous Carbon Monoliths Prepared through the Solvothermal Route. Nanomaterials 2018, 8, 255.

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