The Critical Role of Thioacetamide Concentration in the Formation of ZnO/ZnS Heterostructures by Sol-Gel Process
AbstractZnO/ZnS heterostructures have emerged as an attractive approach for tailoring the properties of particles comprising these semiconductors. They can be synthesized using low temperature sol-gel routes. The present work yields insight into the mechanisms involved in the formation of ZnO/ZnS nanostructures. ZnO colloidal suspensions, prepared by hydrolysis and condensation of a Zn acetate precursor solution, were allowed to react with an ethanolic thioacetamide solution (TAA) as sulfur source. The reactions were monitored in situ by Small Angle X-ray Scattering (SAXS) and UV-vis spectroscopy, and the final colloidal suspensions were characterized by High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy (HRTEM). The powders extracted at the end of the reactions were analyzed by X-ray Absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Depending on TAA concentration, different nanostructures were revealed. ZnO and ZnS phases were mainly obtained at low and high TAA concentrations, respectively. At intermediate TAA concentrations, we evidenced the formation of ZnO/ZnS heterostructures. ZnS formation could take place via direct crystal growth involving Zn ions remaining in solution and S ions provided by TAA and/or chemical conversion of ZnO to ZnS. The combination of all the characterization techniques was crucial to elucidate the reaction steps and the nature of the final products. View Full-Text
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Berbel Manaia, E.; Kiatkoski Kaminski, R.C.; Caetano, B.L.; Magnani, M.; Meneau, F.; Rochet, A.; Santilli, C.V.; Briois, V.; Bourgaux, C.; Chiavacci, L.A. The Critical Role of Thioacetamide Concentration in the Formation of ZnO/ZnS Heterostructures by Sol-Gel Process. Nanomaterials 2018, 8, 55.
Berbel Manaia E, Kiatkoski Kaminski RC, Caetano BL, Magnani M, Meneau F, Rochet A, Santilli CV, Briois V, Bourgaux C, Chiavacci LA. The Critical Role of Thioacetamide Concentration in the Formation of ZnO/ZnS Heterostructures by Sol-Gel Process. Nanomaterials. 2018; 8(2):55.Chicago/Turabian Style
Berbel Manaia, Eloísa; Kiatkoski Kaminski, Renata C.; Caetano, Bruno L.; Magnani, Marina; Meneau, Florian; Rochet, Amélie; Santilli, Celso V.; Briois, Valérie; Bourgaux, Claudie; Chiavacci, Leila A. 2018. "The Critical Role of Thioacetamide Concentration in the Formation of ZnO/ZnS Heterostructures by Sol-Gel Process." Nanomaterials 8, no. 2: 55.
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