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Nanomaterials 2018, 8(1), 34;

Inihibition of Glycolysis by Using a Micro/Nano-Lipid Bromopyruvic Chitosan Carrier as a Promising Tool to Improve Treatment of Hepatocellular Carcinoma

CNR NANOTEC-Istituto di Nanotecnologia, 73100 Lecce, Italy
Department of Mathematics and Physics “E. De Giorgi”, University of Salento, 73100 Lecce, Italy
Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences and Technologies (DiSTeBA), University of Salento, 73100 Lecce, Italy
Life Science Department, University of Modena e Reggio Emilia, 41121 Modena, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Present Address: Sohag Cancer Center, 82511 Sohag, Egypt.
Present Address: Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Kafrelsheikh University, 33516 Kafr ElSheikh, Egypt.
Received: 15 December 2017 / Revised: 5 January 2018 / Accepted: 8 January 2018 / Published: 10 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanocolloids for Nanomedicine and Drug Delivery)
PDF [3828 KB, uploaded 10 January 2018]


Glucose consumption in many types of cancer cells, in particular hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), was followed completely by over-expression of type II hexokinase (HKII). This evidence has been used in modern pharmacotherapy to discover therapeutic target against glycolysis in cancer cells. Bromopyruvate (BrPA) exhibits antagonist property against HKII and can be used to inhibit glycolysis. However, the clinical application of BrPA is mostly combined with inhibition effect for healthy cells particularly erythrocytes. Our strategy is to encapsulate BrPA in a selected vehicle, without any leakage of BrPA out of vehicle in blood stream. This structure has been constructed from chitosan embedded into oleic acid layer and then coated by dual combination of folic acid (FA) and bovine serum albumin (BSA). With FA as specific ligand for cancer folate receptor and BSA that can be an easy binding for hepatocytes, they can raise the potential selection of carrier system. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanocarrier; glycolysis; hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC); bromopyruvate nanocarrier; glycolysis; hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC); bromopyruvate

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Hanafy, N.A.; Dini, L.; Citti, C.; Cannazza, G.; Leporatti, S. Inihibition of Glycolysis by Using a Micro/Nano-Lipid Bromopyruvic Chitosan Carrier as a Promising Tool to Improve Treatment of Hepatocellular Carcinoma. Nanomaterials 2018, 8, 34.

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