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Open AccessArticle

Polymer Coating of Carbon Nanotube Fibers for Electric Microcables

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Nanoworld Laboratories, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221, USA
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Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221, USA
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Mechanical Engineering and School of Dynamics, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221, USA
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College of Medicine, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221, USA
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Physics Department, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221, USA
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2014, 4(4), 879-893; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano4040879
Received: 8 August 2014 / Revised: 7 October 2014 / Accepted: 28 October 2014 / Published: 4 November 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue CNT based Nanomaterials)
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are considered the most promising candidates to replace Cu and Al in a large number of electrical, mechanical and thermal applications. Although most CNT industrial applications require macro and micro size CNT fiber assemblies, several techniques to make conducting CNT fibers, threads, yarns and ropes have been reported to this day, and improvement of their electrical and mechanical conductivity continues. Some electrical applications of these CNT conducting fibers require an insulating layer for electrical insulation and protection against mechanical tearing. Ideally, a flexible insulator such as hydrogenated nitrile butadiene rubber (HNBR) on the CNT fiber can allow fabrication of CNT coils that can be assembled into lightweight, corrosion resistant electrical motors and transformers. HNBR is a largely used commercial polymer that unlike other cable-coating polymers such as polyvinyl chloride (PVC), it provides unique continuous and uniform coating on the CNT fibers. The polymer coated/insulated CNT fibers have a 26.54 μm average diameter—which is approximately four times the diameter of a red blood cell—is produced by a simple dip-coating process. Our results confirm that HNBR in solution creates a few microns uniform insulation and mechanical protection over a CNT fiber that is used as the electrically conducting core. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon nanotubes (CNTs); coating; doping; microcable; densification carbon nanotubes (CNTs); coating; doping; microcable; densification
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Alvarez, N.T.; Ochmann, T.; Kienzle, N.; Ruff, B.; Haase, M.R.; Hopkins, T.; Pixley, S.; Mast, D.; Schulz, M.J.; Shanov, V. Polymer Coating of Carbon Nanotube Fibers for Electric Microcables. Nanomaterials 2014, 4, 879-893.

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