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Review

Three-Dimensional Cathodes for Electrochemical Reduction of CO2: From Macro- to Nano-Engineering

1
Energy, Mining and Environment, National Research Council Canada, Vancouver, BC V6T 1W5, Canada
2
Institute of Energy and Climate Research, IEK-13: Modelling and Simulation of Energy Materials, Forschungszentrum Jülich, 52425 Jülich, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2020, 10(9), 1884; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10091884
Received: 31 August 2020 / Revised: 16 September 2020 / Accepted: 16 September 2020 / Published: 20 September 2020
Rising anthropogenic CO2 emissions and their climate warming effects have triggered a global response in research and development to reduce the emissions of this harmful greenhouse gas. The use of CO2 as a feedstock for the production of value-added fuels and chemicals is a promising pathway for development of renewable energy storage and reduction of carbon emissions. Electrochemical CO2 conversion offers a promising route for value-added products. Considerable challenges still remain, limiting this technology for industrial deployment. This work reviews the latest developments in experimental and modeling studies of three-dimensional cathodes towards high-performance electrochemical reduction of CO2. The fabrication–microstructure–performance relationships of electrodes are examined from the macro- to nanoscale. Furthermore, future challenges, perspectives and recommendations for high-performance cathodes are also presented. View Full-Text
Keywords: three dimensional electrodes; cathodes; electrochemical reduction of CO2; electro-catalysis; nanomaterials; modeling; CO2 use three dimensional electrodes; cathodes; electrochemical reduction of CO2; electro-catalysis; nanomaterials; modeling; CO2 use
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hui, S.; Shaigan, N.; Neburchilov, V.; Zhang, L.; Malek, K.; Eikerling, M.; Luna, P.D. Three-Dimensional Cathodes for Electrochemical Reduction of CO2: From Macro- to Nano-Engineering. Nanomaterials 2020, 10, 1884. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10091884

AMA Style

Hui S, Shaigan N, Neburchilov V, Zhang L, Malek K, Eikerling M, Luna PD. Three-Dimensional Cathodes for Electrochemical Reduction of CO2: From Macro- to Nano-Engineering. Nanomaterials. 2020; 10(9):1884. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10091884

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hui, Shiqiang, Nima Shaigan, Vladimir Neburchilov, Lei Zhang, Kourosh Malek, Michael Eikerling, and Phil D. Luna 2020. "Three-Dimensional Cathodes for Electrochemical Reduction of CO2: From Macro- to Nano-Engineering" Nanomaterials 10, no. 9: 1884. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10091884

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