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Open AccessArticle

Graphene Oxide Nanofiltration Membranes Containing Silver Nanoparticles: Tuning Separation Efficiency via Nanoparticle Size

1
Institute of Hybrid Materials, National Center of International Research for Hybrid Materials Technology, National Base of International Science & Technology Cooperation, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Qingdao University, Qingdao 266000, China
2
Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Colorado State University, Fort Collins 80521, UK
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2020, 10(3), 454; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10030454
Received: 31 January 2020 / Revised: 22 February 2020 / Accepted: 28 February 2020 / Published: 3 March 2020
Three types of graphene oxide/silver nanoparticles (GO/AgNPs) composite membranes were prepared to investigate size-effect of AgNPs on nanofiltration ability. The size of AgNPs was 8, 20, and 33 nm, which was characterized by UV-visible spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The morphology and structure of GO and GO/AgNPs composite membranes were characterized by atomic force microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and X-ray diffraction. The filtration performance of membranes were evaluated on a dead-end filtration device. When the size of AgNPs is 20 nm, the GO/AgNPs composite membrane has the highest water flux (106.1 L m−2 h−1 bar−1) and rejection of Rhodamine B (RhB) (97.73%) among three types of composite membranes. The effect of feed concentration of dye solution and the flux of common solvent was also investigated. The mechanism was discussed, which demonstrated that both interlaying spacing and defect size influence the filtration ability of membrane, which is instructive to future study. View Full-Text
Keywords: graphene nanofiltration membrane; siver nanoparticles; size control graphene nanofiltration membrane; siver nanoparticles; size control
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, K.; Huang, L.-j.; Wang, Y.-x.; Du, Y.-c.; Zhang, Z.-j.; Wang, Y.; Kipper, M.J.; Belfiore, L.A.; Tang, J.-g. Graphene Oxide Nanofiltration Membranes Containing Silver Nanoparticles: Tuning Separation Efficiency via Nanoparticle Size. Nanomaterials 2020, 10, 454. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10030454

AMA Style

Yang K, Huang L-j, Wang Y-x, Du Y-c, Zhang Z-j, Wang Y, Kipper MJ, Belfiore LA, Tang J-g. Graphene Oxide Nanofiltration Membranes Containing Silver Nanoparticles: Tuning Separation Efficiency via Nanoparticle Size. Nanomaterials. 2020; 10(3):454. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10030454

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yang, Kun; Huang, Lin-jun; Wang, Yan-xin; Du, Ying-chen; Zhang, Zhi-jie; Wang, Yao; Kipper, Matt J.; Belfiore, Laurence A.; Tang, Jian-guo. 2020. "Graphene Oxide Nanofiltration Membranes Containing Silver Nanoparticles: Tuning Separation Efficiency via Nanoparticle Size" Nanomaterials 10, no. 3: 454. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10030454

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