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Article

Dental Pulp Response to Different Types of Calcium-Based Materials Applied in Deep Carious Lesion Treatment—A Clinical Study

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Department of Embryology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, “Carol Davila” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 050474 Bucharest, Romania
2
Department of Dental Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Dunarea de Jos University of Galati, 800010 Galati, Romania
3
Department of Prosthetics Technology and Dental Materials, Faculty of Dental Medicine, “Carol Davila” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 010221 Bucharest, Romania
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Patricia Pereira
J. Funct. Biomater. 2022, 13(2), 51; https://doi.org/10.3390/jfb13020051
Received: 23 March 2022 / Revised: 15 April 2022 / Accepted: 28 April 2022 / Published: 2 May 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Medical Application of Functional Biomaterials)
Dental pulp vitality preservation in dental caries treatment is a major goal in odontotherapy. The main objective of this study was to compare dental pulp tissue responses to vital therapies in deep carious lesions, using different calcium-based materials. An ambispective study was conducted on 47 patients. Ninety-five teeth with deep carious lesions were treated. Among them, 25 (26.32%) were diagnosed with pulpal exposures and treated by direct pulp capping. Indirect pulp capping was applied when pulp exposure was absent (n = 70; 73.68%). Fifty teeth (52.63%) were treated with TheraCal LC (prospective study), 31 teeth (32.63%) with Calcimol LC, and 14 teeth (14.74%) with Life Kerr AC (retrospective study). The results show that the survival rate for dental pulp was 100% for Life Kerr AC, 92% for TheraCal LC, and 83.87% for Calcimol LC, without significant differences. Apparently, self-setting calcium hydroxide material provided better dental pulp response than the two light-cured materials, regardless of their composition, that is, either calcium -hydroxide or calcium silicate-based. We will need a significant number of long-term clinical studies with the highest levels of evidence to determine the most adequate biomaterials for vital pulp therapies. View Full-Text
Keywords: pulp capping; dental; calcium hydroxide; silicates pulp capping; dental; calcium hydroxide; silicates
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MDPI and ACS Style

Covaci, A.; Ciocan, L.T.; Gălbinașu, B.; Bucur, M.V.; Matei, M.; Didilescu, A.C. Dental Pulp Response to Different Types of Calcium-Based Materials Applied in Deep Carious Lesion Treatment—A Clinical Study. J. Funct. Biomater. 2022, 13, 51. https://doi.org/10.3390/jfb13020051

AMA Style

Covaci A, Ciocan LT, Gălbinașu B, Bucur MV, Matei M, Didilescu AC. Dental Pulp Response to Different Types of Calcium-Based Materials Applied in Deep Carious Lesion Treatment—A Clinical Study. Journal of Functional Biomaterials. 2022; 13(2):51. https://doi.org/10.3390/jfb13020051

Chicago/Turabian Style

Covaci, Antoanela, Lucian Toma Ciocan, Bogdan Gălbinașu, Mirela Veronica Bucur, Mădălina Matei, and Andreea Cristiana Didilescu. 2022. "Dental Pulp Response to Different Types of Calcium-Based Materials Applied in Deep Carious Lesion Treatment—A Clinical Study" Journal of Functional Biomaterials 13, no. 2: 51. https://doi.org/10.3390/jfb13020051

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