Gadolinium-Labelled Cell Scaffolds to Follow-up Cell Transplantation by Magnetic Resonance Imaging
AbstractCell scaffolds are often used in cell transplantation as they provide a solid structural support to implanted cells and can be bioengineered to mimic the native extracellular matrix. Gadolinium fluoride nanoparticles (Gd-NPs) as a contrast agent for Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) were incorporated into poly(lactide-co-glycolide)/chitosan scaffolds to obtain Imaging Labelled Cell Scaffolds (ILCSs), having the shape of hollow spherical/ellipsoidal particles (200–600 μm diameter and 50–80 μm shell thickness). While Gd-NPs incorporated into microparticles do not provide any contrast enhancement in T1-weighted (T1w) MR images, ILCSs can release Gd-NPs in a controlled manner, thus activating MRI contrast. ILCSs seeded with human mesenchymal stromal cells (hMSCs) were xenografted subcutaneously into either immunocompromised and immunocompetent mice without any immunosuppressant treatments, and the transplants were followed-up in vivo by MRI for 18 days. Immunocompromised mice showed a progressive activation of MRI contrast within the implants due to the release of Gd-NPs in the extracellular matrix. Instead, immunocompetent mice showed poor activation of MRI contrast due to the encapsulation of ILCSs within fibrotic capsules and to the scavenging of released Gd-NPs by phagocytic cells. In conclusion, the MRI follow-up of cell xenografts can report the host cell response to the xenograft. However, it does not strictly report on the viability of transplanted hMSCs. View Full-Text
- Supplementary File 1:
PDF-Document (PDF, 1983 KB)
Share & Cite This Article
Catanzaro, V.; Digilio, G.; Capuana, F.; Padovan, S.; Cutrin, J.C.; Carniato, F.; Porta, S.; Grange, C.; Filipović, N.; Stevanović, M. Gadolinium-Labelled Cell Scaffolds to Follow-up Cell Transplantation by Magnetic Resonance Imaging. J. Funct. Biomater. 2019, 10, 28.
Catanzaro V, Digilio G, Capuana F, Padovan S, Cutrin JC, Carniato F, Porta S, Grange C, Filipović N, Stevanović M. Gadolinium-Labelled Cell Scaffolds to Follow-up Cell Transplantation by Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Journal of Functional Biomaterials. 2019; 10(3):28.Chicago/Turabian Style
Catanzaro, Valeria; Digilio, Giuseppe; Capuana, Federico; Padovan, Sergio; Cutrin, Juan C.; Carniato, Fabio; Porta, Stefano; Grange, Cristina; Filipović, Nenad; Stevanović, Magdalena. 2019. "Gadolinium-Labelled Cell Scaffolds to Follow-up Cell Transplantation by Magnetic Resonance Imaging." J. Funct. Biomater. 10, no. 3: 28.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.