Next Article in Journal
Analysis of an Intelligence Dataset
Next Article in Special Issue
Revealing the Role of Divergent Thinking and Fluid Intelligence in Children’s Semantic Memory Organization
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
The Influence of Situational Cues on Children’s Creativity in an Alternative Uses Task and the Moderating Effect of Selective Attention
Article

A Reappraisal of the Threshold Hypothesis of Creativity and Intelligence

1
Institute of Psychology and Pedagogy, Ulm University, Albert-Einstein Allee 47, 89081 Ulm, Germany
2
Institute of Psychology, University of Kassel, Holländische Strasse 36-38, 34127 Kassel, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 August 2020 / Revised: 26 October 2020 / Accepted: 3 November 2020 / Published: 11 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Intelligence and Creativity)
Intelligence has been declared as a necessary but not sufficient condition for creativity, which was subsequently (erroneously) translated into the so-called threshold hypothesis. This hypothesis predicts a change in the correlation between creativity and intelligence at around 1.33 standard deviations above the population mean. A closer inspection of previous inconclusive results suggests that the heterogeneity is mostly due to the use of suboptimal data analytical procedures. Herein, we applied and compared three methods that allowed us to handle intelligence as a continuous variable. In more detail, we examined the threshold of the creativity-intelligence relation with (a) scatterplots and heteroscedasticity analysis, (b) segmented regression analysis, and (c) local structural equation models in two multivariate studies (N1 = 456; N2 = 438). We found no evidence for the threshold hypothesis of creativity across different analytical procedures in both studies. Given the problematic history of the threshold hypothesis and its unequivocal rejection with appropriate multivariate methods, we recommend the total abandonment of the threshold. View Full-Text
Keywords: creativity; intelligence; threshold hypothesis; necessary but not sufficient condition creativity; intelligence; threshold hypothesis; necessary but not sufficient condition
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Weiss, S.; Steger, D.; Schroeders, U.; Wilhelm, O. A Reappraisal of the Threshold Hypothesis of Creativity and Intelligence. J. Intell. 2020, 8, 38. https://doi.org/10.3390/jintelligence8040038

AMA Style

Weiss S, Steger D, Schroeders U, Wilhelm O. A Reappraisal of the Threshold Hypothesis of Creativity and Intelligence. Journal of Intelligence. 2020; 8(4):38. https://doi.org/10.3390/jintelligence8040038

Chicago/Turabian Style

Weiss, Selina, Diana Steger, Ulrich Schroeders, and Oliver Wilhelm. 2020. "A Reappraisal of the Threshold Hypothesis of Creativity and Intelligence" Journal of Intelligence 8, no. 4: 38. https://doi.org/10.3390/jintelligence8040038

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop