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Article

Interdisciplinary Learning in Mathematics and Science: Transfer of Learning for 21st Century Problem Solving at University

Sydney School of Education and Social Work, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
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Received: 31 January 2020 / Revised: 13 July 2020 / Accepted: 17 August 2020 / Published: 1 September 2020
Transfer of learning, the application of learning to different contexts over time, is important to all learning for development. As 21st century skills specifically aim to be “generic,” there is an assumption that they can be transferred from context to context. We investigate the process of transfer in problem solving, with specific focus on mathematical problem solving tasks. Problem solving is highly valued in 21st century workplaces, where mathematical skills are also considered to be foundational in STEM and of paramount importance. This study examines the transfer of first semester mathematics learning to problem solving in second semester physics at university. We report on: (1) university students’ (n = 10) “think-aloud” accounts of the process of transfer; and (2) students’ (n = 10) and academics’ (n = 8) perspectives on transfer processes and problem solving. Think-aloud accounts show students’ recursive use of interpretation, integration, planning and execution thinking processes and highlight the meta-cognitive strategies used in transfer. Academics’ and students’ perspectives on transfer show disparities. Understanding these perspectives is important to current initiatives to integrate and optimise 21st century learning within universities. We argue that renewed attention on the concept of transfer is needed if the generic aims of 21st century skills are to be understood and promoted. View Full-Text
Keywords: 21 century skills; transfer; problem solving; mathematics; science; interdisciplinary; university; think-aloud 21 century skills; transfer; problem solving; mathematics; science; interdisciplinary; university; think-aloud
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nakakoji, Y.; Wilson, R. Interdisciplinary Learning in Mathematics and Science: Transfer of Learning for 21st Century Problem Solving at University. J. Intell. 2020, 8, 32. https://doi.org/10.3390/jintelligence8030032

AMA Style

Nakakoji Y, Wilson R. Interdisciplinary Learning in Mathematics and Science: Transfer of Learning for 21st Century Problem Solving at University. Journal of Intelligence. 2020; 8(3):32. https://doi.org/10.3390/jintelligence8030032

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nakakoji, Yoshitaka, and Rachel Wilson. 2020. "Interdisciplinary Learning in Mathematics and Science: Transfer of Learning for 21st Century Problem Solving at University" Journal of Intelligence 8, no. 3: 32. https://doi.org/10.3390/jintelligence8030032

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