Next Article in Journal
When Irrational Biases Are Smart: A Fuzzy-Trace Theory of Complex Decision Making
Next Article in Special Issue
The Relation of Personality and Intelligence—What Can the Brunswik Symmetry Principle Tell Us?
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Personality and Intelligence Interact in the Prediction of Academic Achievement
Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Relationships between Personality and Cognitive Ability: A Facet-Level Analysis

GESIS—Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences, P.O. Box 12 21 55, D-68072 Mannheim, Germany
University of Applied Labor Studies, Seckenheimer Landstr. 16, D-68163 Mannheim, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 March 2018 / Revised: 9 May 2018 / Accepted: 15 May 2018 / Published: 18 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Ability-Personality Integration)
A growing body of research supports the notion that cognitive abilities and personality are systematically related. However, this research has focused largely on global personality dimensions and single—often equally global—markers of cognitive ability. The present study offers a more fine-grained perspective. Specifically, it is one of the first studies to comprehensively investigate the associations between both fluid and crystallized intelligence with Big Five personality domains as well as their facets. Based on a heterogeneous sample of the adult population in Germany (N = 365), our study yielded three key findings. First, personality was more strongly related to crystallized intelligence than to fluid intelligence. This applied both to the total variance explained and to the effect sizes of most of the Big Five domains and facets. Second, facets explained a larger share of variance in both crystallized and fluid intelligence than did domains. Third, the associations of different facets of the same domain with cognitive ability differed, often quite markedly. These differential associations may substantially reduce—or even suppress—the domain-level associations. Our findings clearly attest to the added value of a facet-level perspective on the personality–cognitive ability interface. We discuss how such a fine-grained perspective can further theoretical understanding and enhance prediction. View Full-Text
Keywords: cognitive skills; personality; Big Five; facets; fluid and crystallized intelligence cognitive skills; personality; Big Five; facets; fluid and crystallized intelligence
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Rammstedt, B.; Lechner, C.M.; Danner, D. Relationships between Personality and Cognitive Ability: A Facet-Level Analysis. J. Intell. 2018, 6, 28.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Search more from Scilit
Back to TopTop