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Computation 2018, 6(4), 52; https://doi.org/10.3390/computation6040052

Numerical Simulation on Flow Dynamics and Pressure Variation in Porous Ceramic Filter

Department of Mechanical Systems Engineering, Nagoya University, Chikusa, Furo 1, Nagoya, Aichi-ken 4648603, Japan
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Received: 6 September 2018 / Revised: 19 September 2018 / Accepted: 20 September 2018 / Published: 20 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Computational Engineering)
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Abstract

Using five samples with different porous materials of Al2TiO5, SiC, and cordierite, we numerically realized the fluid dynamics in a diesel filter (diesel particulate filter, DPF). These inner structures were obtained by X-ray CT scanning to reproduce the flow field in the real product. The porosity as well as pore size was selected systematically. Inside the DPF, the complex flow pattern appears. The maximum filtration velocity is over ten times larger than the velocity at the inlet. When the flow forcibly needs to go through the consecutive small pores along the filter’s porous walls, the resultant pressure drop becomes large. The flow path length ratio to the filter wall thickness is almost the same for all samples, and its value is only 1.2. Then, the filter backpressure closely depends on the flow pattern inside the filter, which is due to the local substrate structure. In the modified filter substrate, by enlarging the pore and reducing the resistance for the net flow, the pressure drop is largely suppressed. View Full-Text
Keywords: porous media flow; diesel exhaust; DPF; LBM; pressure drop porous media flow; diesel exhaust; DPF; LBM; pressure drop
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Yamamoto, K.; Toda, Y. Numerical Simulation on Flow Dynamics and Pressure Variation in Porous Ceramic Filter. Computation 2018, 6, 52.

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