An Efficient Robust Multiple Watermarking Algorithm for Vector Geographic Data
AbstractVector geographic data play an important role in location information services. Digital watermarking has been widely used in protecting vector geographic data from being easily duplicated by digital forensics. Because the production and application of vector geographic data refer to many units and departments, the demand for multiple watermarking technology is increasing. However, multiple watermarking algorithm for vector geographic data draw less attention, and there are many urgent problems to be solved. Therefore, an efficient robust multiple watermark algorithm for vector geographic data is proposed in this paper. The coordinates in vector geographic data are first randomly divided into non-repetitive sets. The multiple watermarks are then embedded into the different sets. In watermark detection correlation, the Lindeberg theory is used to build a detection model and to confirm the detection threshold. Finally, experiments are made in order to demonstrate the detection algorithm, and to test its robustness against common attacks, especially against cropping attacks. The experimental results show that the proposed algorithm is robust against the deletion of vertices, addition of vertices, compression, and cropping attacks. Moreover, the proposed detection algorithm is compatible with single watermarking detection algorithms, and it has good performance in terms of detection efficiency. View Full-Text
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Wang, Y.; Yang, C.; Zhu, C.; Ding, K. An Efficient Robust Multiple Watermarking Algorithm for Vector Geographic Data. Information 2018, 9, 296.
Wang Y, Yang C, Zhu C, Ding K. An Efficient Robust Multiple Watermarking Algorithm for Vector Geographic Data. Information. 2018; 9(12):296.Chicago/Turabian Style
Wang, Yingying; Yang, Chengsong; Zhu, Changqing; Ding, Kaimeng. 2018. "An Efficient Robust Multiple Watermarking Algorithm for Vector Geographic Data." Information 9, no. 12: 296.
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