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Information 2016, 7(1), 1;

Hierarchy and the Nature of Information

1,* , 2,†
The Living Systems Project, Department of Electronics and Informatics, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Pleinlaan 2, Brussels B-1050, Belgium
Interuniversity Micro Electronics Center (IMEC) vzw, Kapeldreef 75, Leuven B-8001, Belgium
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Mark Burgin and Wolfgang Hofkirchner
Received: 7 October 2015 / Revised: 18 December 2015 / Accepted: 15 January 2016 / Published: 20 January 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from the ISIS Summit Vienna 2015)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1055 KB, uploaded 20 January 2016]   |  


We address the nature of information from a systemic structural point of view. Starting from the Natural hierarchy of living systems, we elucidate its decomposition into two partial hierarchies associated with its extant levels and inter-level regions, respectively. External observation of a hierarchical system involves the generation of approximate hyperscalar representations of these two partials, which then reintegrate to give a singular metascalar result. We relate Havel’s categories of reality and Peirce’s categories of experience to this result, and indicate that the ultimate result of the reintegration of hyperscalar data and context is a sign which is information. View Full-Text
Keywords: hierarchy; hyperscale; metascale; Ivan Havel; Charles Peirce; information hierarchy; hyperscale; metascale; Ivan Havel; Charles Peirce; information

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Cottam, R.; Ranson, W.; Vounckx, R. Hierarchy and the Nature of Information. Information 2016, 7, 1.

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