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Wireless Underground Communications in Sewer and Stormwater Overflow Monitoring: Radio Waves through Soil and Asphalt Medium

Department of Computer and Information Technology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
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This paper is an extended version of our paper published in the 2019 IEEE 5th World Forum on Internet of Things (IEEE WF-IoT 2019), Limerick, Ireland, April 2019 .
Information 2020, 11(2), 98; https://doi.org/10.3390/info11020098
Received: 2 December 2019 / Revised: 25 January 2020 / Accepted: 5 February 2020 / Published: 11 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Information and Communications Technology)
Storm drains and sanitary sewers are prone to backups and overflows due to extra amount wastewater entering the pipes. To prevent that, it is imperative to efficiently monitor the urban underground infrastructure. The combination of sensors system and wireless underground communication system can be used to realize urban underground IoT applications, e.g., storm water and wastewater overflow monitoring systems. The aim of this article is to establish a feasibility of the use of wireless underground communications techniques, and wave propagation through the subsurface soil and asphalt layers, in an underground pavement system for storm water and sewer overflow monitoring application. In this paper, the path loss analysis of wireless underground communications in urban underground IoT for wastewater monitoring has been presented. The dielectric properties of asphalt, sub-grade aggregates, and soil are considered in the path loss analysis for the path loss prediction in an underground sewer overflow and wastewater monitoring system design. It has been shown that underground transmitter was able to communicate through thick asphalt (10 cm) and soil layers (20 cm) for a long range of up to 4 km.
Keywords: signals in the soil; electromagnetic waves; urban underground infrastructure monitoring; wireless underground communications; underground sensing; underground antenna signals in the soil; electromagnetic waves; urban underground infrastructure monitoring; wireless underground communications; underground sensing; underground antenna
MDPI and ACS Style

Raza, U.; Salam, A. Wireless Underground Communications in Sewer and Stormwater Overflow Monitoring: Radio Waves through Soil and Asphalt Medium. Information 2020, 11, 98.

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