The analysis of cardiac signals is still regarded as attractive by both the academic community and industry because it helps physicians in detecting abnormalities and improving the diagnosis and therapy of diseases. Electrocardiographic signal processing for detecting irregularities related to the occurrence of low-amplitude waveforms inside the cardiac signal has a considerable workload as cardiac signals are heavily contaminated by noise and other artifacts. This paper presents an effective approach for the detection of ventricular late potential occurrences which are considered as markers of sudden cardiac death risk. Three stages characterize the implemented method which performs a beat-to-beat processing of high-resolution electrocardiograms (HR-ECG). Fifteen lead HR-ECG signals are filtered and denoised for the improvement of signal-to-noise ratio. Five features were then extracted and used as inputs of a classifier based on a machine learning approach. For the performance evaluation of the proposed method, a HR-ECG database consisting of real ventricular late potential (VLP)-negative and semi-simulated VLP-positive patterns was used. Experimental results show that the implemented system reaches satisfactory performance in terms of sensitivity, specificity accuracy, and positive predictivity; in fact, the respective values equal to 98.33%, 98.36%, 98.35%, and 98.52% were achieved.
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