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Challenges in the Healthcare Systems and Formative Needs of Family Doctors
Concept Paper

Family Oncology Caregivers and Relational Health Literacy

Department of Communication & Film, The University of Memphis, 235 Art & Communication Building, Memphis, TN 38152-3150, USA
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Challenges 2018, 9(2), 35;
Received: 14 July 2018 / Revised: 14 August 2018 / Accepted: 15 August 2018 / Published: 19 August 2018
Nearly one-third of the U.S. population provides unpaid, informal caregiving to a loved one or friend. Caregiver health literacy involves a complex set of actions and decisions, all shaped by communication. Existing definitions depict health literacy as individuals’ skills in obtaining, understanding, communicating, and applying health information to successfully navigate the health management process. One of the major problems with existing definitions of health literacy is that it disproportionately places responsibilities of health literacy on patients and caregivers. In this conceptual piece, we define and introduce a new model of Relational Health Literacy (RHL) that emphasizes the communicative aspects of health literacy among all stakeholders (patients, caregivers, providers, systems, and communities) and how communication functions as a pathway or barrier in co-creating health care and health management processes. Future directions and recommendations for model development are described. View Full-Text
Keywords: health literacy; family caregiver; communication; stakeholders health literacy; family caregiver; communication; stakeholders
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MDPI and ACS Style

Goldsmith, J.V.; Terui, S. Family Oncology Caregivers and Relational Health Literacy. Challenges 2018, 9, 35.

AMA Style

Goldsmith JV, Terui S. Family Oncology Caregivers and Relational Health Literacy. Challenges. 2018; 9(2):35.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Goldsmith, Joy V., and Sachiko Terui. 2018. "Family Oncology Caregivers and Relational Health Literacy" Challenges 9, no. 2: 35.

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