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Live Piloting and Prototyping

Politecnico of Milano, Design Department, Via Durando 38/a 20158 Milano, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
This paper is the result of a collective work, but for the purposes of this publication Daria Cantù has written paragraphs 1, 3.2 and 4; Francesca Rizzo has written paragraphs 2, 3, 3.1 and 5.
Challenges 2013, 4(2), 154-168;
Received: 19 April 2013 / Revised: 22 June 2013 / Accepted: 5 July 2013 / Published: 23 July 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Challenges of Interface and Interaction Design)
PDF [213 KB, uploaded 23 July 2013]


This paper presents current trends in service design research concerning large scale projects aimed at generating changes at a local scale. The strategy adopted to achieve this, is to co-design solutions including future users in the development process, prototyping and testing system of products and services before their actual implementation. On the basis of experience achieved in the European Project Life 2.0, this paper discusses which methods and competencies are applied in the development of these projects, eliciting the lessons learnt especially from the piloting phase in which the participatory design (PD) approach plays a major role. In the first part, the topic is introduced jointly with the theoretical background where the user center design and participatory design methods are presented; then the Life 2.0 project development is described; finally the experience is discussed from a service design perspective, eliciting guidelines for piloting and prototyping services in a real context of use. The paper concludes reflecting on the designers’ role and competencies needed in this process. View Full-Text
Keywords: service design; participatory design; piloting; prototyping; stakeholders’ network; infrastructuring service design; participatory design; piloting; prototyping; stakeholders’ network; infrastructuring

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Rizzo, F.; Cantù, D. Live Piloting and Prototyping. Challenges 2013, 4, 154-168.

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