Next Article in Journal
Adam Smith, the Impartial Spectator and Embodiment: Towards an Economics of Accountability and Dialogue
Next Article in Special Issue
Transcultural Adaptation and Psychometric Properties of Portuguese Version of the Spiritual Needs Questionnaire (SpNQ) Among HIV Positive Patients in Brazil
Previous Article in Journal
Religious Contexts and Violence in Emerging and Traditional Immigrant Destinations
Previous Article in Special Issue
Brazilian Validation of the Attachment to God Inventory (IAD-Br)
Open AccessArticle

Validation of the Gratitude/Awe Questionnaire and Its Association with Disposition of Gratefulness

Professorship Quality of Life, Spirituality and Coping, Faculty of Heath, Witten/Herdecke University, 583131 Herdecke, Germany
IUNCTUS—Competence Center for Christian Spirituality, Philosophical-Theological Academy, 48149 Münster, Germany
Caritas Science and Christian Social Work, Faculty of Theology, Albert-Ludwig University, Freiburg, 79085 Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Religions 2018, 9(4), 117;
Received: 13 March 2018 / Revised: 30 March 2018 / Accepted: 3 April 2018 / Published: 8 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Measures of Spirituality/Religiosity (2018))
Self-transcendent feelings such as gratitude, compassion, and awe are highly relevant for human societies. So far, empirical research has focused more on the relational aspects of these feelings (concrete persons), and less on the spiritual aspects referring to the Sacred in a person’s life. We intended to validate an extended version of the former three-item Gratitude/Awe scale. This extended scale was designed with a focus on the experiential aspects of being moved and touched by certain moments and places/nature, on related reactions of pausing with daily activities, and on the subsequent feelings of awe and gratitude. Enrolling 183 test persons (67% women; 59% with a Christian confession) in a cross-sectional study, we can confirm that the seven-item Gratitude/Awe scale (GrAw-7) has good psychometric properties (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.82) and moderate correlation (r = 0.42) with grateful disposition (GQ-6 questionnaire). Structured equation modeling (SEM) confirmed that both constructs, although moderately related, are different. While Gratitude/Awe was best predicted by the frequency of meditation practice, a grateful disposition was best predicted by the frequency of praying and by general life satisfaction. The GrAw-7 scale is not contaminated with specific religious topics or quality of life issues, and can be easily implemented in larger studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: awe; gratitude; spirituality; validation; questionnaire awe; gratitude; spirituality; validation; questionnaire
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Büssing, A.; Recchia, D.R.; Baumann, K. Validation of the Gratitude/Awe Questionnaire and Its Association with Disposition of Gratefulness. Religions 2018, 9, 117.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop