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Open AccessArticle

Actualizing Unique Type and Token Values as a Solution to the Problem of Evil

Department of Systematic Theology, MF Norwegian School of Theology, P.O.Box 5144 Majorstuen, 0302 Oslo, Norway
Religions 2018, 9(1), 5;
Received: 30 November 2017 / Revised: 21 December 2017 / Accepted: 22 December 2017 / Published: 24 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Theodicy)
PDF [176 KB, uploaded 24 December 2017]


Concerning the problem of evil, I suggest that God's goodness and omnipotence causes God to want to actualize many different values and things, not solely angels in heaven, but also type unique values like independence, self-formation, creativity, and surprise, and token unique goods like animals and human beings. Such a universe as ours, though, requires undisturbed indeterministic self-formation as actualized by a good God to give those token unique beings access to those type unique values and allow them the opportunity to live forever with God after completion of this self-formation. View Full-Text
Keywords: the problem of evil; type and token values; indeterminism the problem of evil; type and token values; indeterminism
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Søvik, A.O. Actualizing Unique Type and Token Values as a Solution to the Problem of Evil. Religions 2018, 9, 5.

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