Next Article in Journal
‘Partakers of the Divine Nature’: Ripley’s Discourses and the Transcendental Annus Mirabilis
Next Article in Special Issue
God, Evil, and Infinite Value
Previous Article in Journal
Description, Prescription, and Value in the Study of Religion
Previous Article in Special Issue
Actualizing Unique Type and Token Values as a Solution to the Problem of Evil
Article Menu
Issue 1 (January) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Religions 2018, 9(1), 11;

The Distance between Zurich and Todtnauberg

Department of Religion, Wofford College, Spartanburg, SC 29303, USA
Received: 1 December 2017 / Revised: 13 December 2017 / Accepted: 27 December 2017 / Published: 2 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Theodicy)
Full-Text   |   PDF [194 KB, uploaded 23 January 2018]


This paper focuses on two poems written by Paul Celan after first encounters he had with writers who held great significance for him. In 1960 Celan met fellow Jewish poet Nelly Sachs at the Stork Inn in Zurich, and afterwards recorded the event in the poem “Zürich, Zum Storchen”. Seven years later, Celan visited Martin Heidegger at his hut in the German mountains. Celan’s depiction of this encounter is found in the poem “Todtnauberg”. In this essay, I make a two-fold argument regarding the Zurich poem. First I claim that “Todtnauberg” is clearly crafted in light of the earlier Sachs text, a fact that has been overlooked by previous scholarship. As such, it is only in placing the two texts side by side that a complete understanding of “Todtnauberg” comes into view. Second I will indicate how the Zurich poem reflects key elements of an approach to the problem of evil that I term an “enestological theodicy.” Such a term needed to be coined, since this sort of theodicy does not fit in the more traditional narrative categories related to the problem of evil. View Full-Text
Keywords: Paul Celan; Nelly Sachs; Martin Heidegger; Todtnauberg; Zurichat the Stork; enestological theodicy Paul Celan; Nelly Sachs; Martin Heidegger; Todtnauberg; Zurichat the Stork; enestological theodicy
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Anderson, A.K. The Distance between Zurich and Todtnauberg. Religions 2018, 9, 11.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Religions EISSN 2077-1444 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert Logo copyright Steve Bridenbaugh/UUA
Back to Top