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Religions 2017, 8(5), 81;

The Disappearing Human: Gnostic Dreams in a Transhumanist World

Department of Religious Studies, Elon University, Elon, NC 27244-2020, USA
Academic Editor: Noreen Herzfeld
Received: 25 January 2017 / Revised: 14 April 2017 / Accepted: 18 April 2017 / Published: 3 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Religion and the New Technologies)
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Transhumanism is dedicated to freeing humankind from the limitations of biological life, creating new bodies that will carry us into the future. In seeking freedom from the constraints of nature, it resembles ancient Gnosticism, but complicates the question of what the human being is. In contrast to the perspective that we are our brains, I argue that human consciousness and subjectivity originate from complex interactions between the body and the surrounding environment. These qualities emerge from a distinct set of structural couplings embodied within multiple organ systems and the multiplicity of connections within the brain. These connections take on different forms, including structural, chemical, and electrical manifestations within the totality of the human body. This embodiment suggests that human consciousness, and the intricate levels of experience that accompany it, cannot be replicated in non-organic forms such as computers or synaptic implants without a significant loss to human identity. The Gnostic desire to escape our embodiment found in transhumanism carries the danger of dissolving the human being. View Full-Text
Keywords: Singularity; transhumanism; Merleau-Ponty; Kurzweil; Gnosticism; AI; emergence; technology Singularity; transhumanism; Merleau-Ponty; Kurzweil; Gnosticism; AI; emergence; technology
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Pugh, J.C. The Disappearing Human: Gnostic Dreams in a Transhumanist World. Religions 2017, 8, 81.

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