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John Calvin and John Locke on the Sensus Divinitatis and Innatism

Department of History, Politics, & Philosophy, Lipscomb University, One University Park Drive, Nashville, TN 37204, USA
Academic Editor: Christopher Metress
Religions 2017, 8(2), 27;
Received: 4 December 2016 / Revised: 31 January 2017 / Accepted: 13 February 2017 / Published: 20 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Teaching the Reformations)
PDF [237 KB, uploaded 20 February 2017]


Inheritors of the Calvinist Reformed tradition have long disagreed about whether knowledge of God’s nature and existence can be or need be acquired inferentially by means of the standard arguments of natural theology. Nonetheless, they have traditionally coalesced around the thought that some sense or awareness of God is naturally implanted or innate in human beings. A root of this orientation can be found in John Calvin’s discussion of the sensus divinitatis in the first book of The Institutes of the Christian Religion. This paper outlines a pedagogical strategy for organizing and evaluating Calvin’s treatment of the sensus divinitatis, chiefly by putting it in tension with John Locke’s polemic against innatism in Book I of An Essay concerning Human Understanding. I begin by reconstructing Calvin’s depiction of the sensus divinitatis, as well as his case for thinking that it is innate. I then explain how Locke’s critique of innatism offers a fairly direct response to Calvin and, hence, a useful framework for exploring the limits of Calvin’s treatment of the sensus divinitatis. View Full-Text
Keywords: Calvin; sensus divinitatis; natural theology; Locke; innatism; innate ideas Calvin; sensus divinitatis; natural theology; Locke; innatism; innate ideas
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Clanton, J.C. John Calvin and John Locke on the Sensus Divinitatis and Innatism. Religions 2017, 8, 27.

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