Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
The Carol about the Pagan Rite of Sacrifice of a Goat and Its Interpretation in Russian Scholarship of the 19th to 20th Centuries
Previous Article in Journal
Utraquist Bohemia and the English Martyrs: An Uncommon Witness of Reform
 
 
Article

Orthodox Christian Bulgarians Coping with Natural Disasters in the Pre-Modern Ottoman Balkans

Department of Languages and Cultures, Ghent University, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
Academic Editor: Dennis Ioffe
Religions 2021, 12(5), 367; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12050367
Received: 30 April 2021 / Revised: 16 May 2021 / Accepted: 18 May 2021 / Published: 20 May 2021
Premodern Ottoman society consisted of four major religious communities—Muslims, Orthodox Christians, Armenian Christians, and Jews; the Muslim and Christian communities also included various ethnic groups, as did Muslim Arabs and Turks, Orthodox Christian Bulgarians, Greeks, and Serbs who identified, in the first place, with their religious community and considered ethnic identity of secondary importance. Having lived together, albeit segregated within the borders of the Ottoman Empire, for centuries, Bulgarians and Turks to a large extent shared the same world view and moral value system and tended to react in a like manner to various events. The Bulgarian attitudes to natural disasters, on which this contribution focuses, apparently did not differ essentially from that of their Turkish neighbors. Both proceeded from the basic idea of God’s providence lying behind these disasters. In spite of the (overwhelmingly Western) perception of Muslims being passive and fatalistic, the problem whether it was permitted to attempt to escape “God’s wrath” was coped with in a similar way as well. However, in addition to a comparable religious mental make-up, social circumstances and administrative measures determining equally the life conditions of both religious communities seem to provide a more plausible explanation for these similarities than cross-cultural influences. View Full-Text
Keywords: Bulgarians; Orthodox Christianity; Islam; Ottoman Empire; natural disasters; plague Bulgarians; Orthodox Christianity; Islam; Ottoman Empire; natural disasters; plague
MDPI and ACS Style

Detrez, R. Orthodox Christian Bulgarians Coping with Natural Disasters in the Pre-Modern Ottoman Balkans. Religions 2021, 12, 367. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12050367

AMA Style

Detrez R. Orthodox Christian Bulgarians Coping with Natural Disasters in the Pre-Modern Ottoman Balkans. Religions. 2021; 12(5):367. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12050367

Chicago/Turabian Style

Detrez, Raymond. 2021. "Orthodox Christian Bulgarians Coping with Natural Disasters in the Pre-Modern Ottoman Balkans" Religions 12, no. 5: 367. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12050367

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop