Transcripts of Gender, Intimacy, and Islam in Southeast Asia: The “Outrageous” Texts of Raja Ali Haji and Khatijah Terung
2. Materials and Method
3. Raja Ali Haji and the Kitab Pengetahuan Bahasa
3.2. Sexual Words in the Kitab Pengetahuan Bahasa
Ayok is the act of a man inserting his penis into the vagina for pleasure due to syahwah bashariyyah (carnal desire). The woman lies on her back while the man squats with her thighs resting on his. When he is inserting his penis into her, the man will move his butt so that the penis probes into the vagina before he partly pulls it out again. This also pleasures the woman. Sometimes, the woman will move her butt to the left and right to pleasure the man, or to have his penis push against the walls of her vagina… Sometimes, there are instances of penetration from the side and the back; in others, the man will stand while the woman lies down. This depends on the respective preferences of those involved. This continues until the man climaxes. It is even better to wait for the woman to climax. The discussion on adab al-jima (sexual etiquette) continues in the Arab and Malay books.(pp. 70–71)
As told by someone: “Where are the drunk and singing naval sailors going to?” And his friend replies: “Where else but the brothel. The longhouse is where they ‘beramput’ or engage in sex.” This language is considered very crude but since this is done to differentiate the word from other similar words, nothing can be done about it. Unlike other words with a similar meaning, ‘amput’ should not be verbalised out loud but articulated within one’s heart.(ibid, pp. 97–98)
“I have been changed,From the groin, emerged a penis,”The young maidens, upon hearingCame to crowd, all three of them.Standing nigh they stripped off his garment,Caressing Luk Luk’s penis,They exclaimed: “By the power of the Almighty,It took brief seconds to change.”They asked: “What is the use of this,”Luk Luk replied: “I’m not sure, my lass,”The youngest maiden then said,“We saw this on Father.”“Under the glimmer of the full moon,He was making love to Mother,Prolonged penetration into her hole,Arousing Mother with intense titillation.”“Mother was overtly pleasured,Moaning longingly for his penis,”She beckoned, “Luk Luk come over,Do me for a while?”Luk Luk got up mid-coitus,While asking how it felt,She replied: “Don’t leave just yet,It’s enticing like korma [dates].”Then the oldest desires tooShe said: “Stop, sister,Let me experience the hairy tool,Should it be pleasant, I can come back for more again.”Luk Luk turned to the oldest,He did her once or twice,The youngest bantered,“I don’t want to be disappointed too.”Luk Luk turned to the youngestWith whom he dealt with, deflowering her,Beyond the mosquito net, within the bed curtainFluid gushing everywhere.After finishing the three of them,The news spread to their friends,Everyone wants a taste of him,Obtaining his penis while under abstinence.Luk Luk dealt with all the women,Striking one after another,Some unashamedly complimented,They said, “your penis feels good.”Your penis is in slow motion,Rock my buttocks to make sure it is in action,As soft as Lophatherum3“What can be done in this abstinence.”“I do not want, and I do not like,The penis of the evil teacher,But the penis from paradise,As it quenches my thirst.”Thus such is the case, day by day,After isyak [night prayers] till the wee morningOne by one was copulated,When the Lebai [cleric] desires, many ran.The Lebai’s wife heard the bizarre news,Luk Luk was called into the room,As soon as he came, his penis was examined,He stripped his clothes, and asked to be stroked.The Lebai’s wife had coitus with the lad,Her belly and breast heaving up and down,It was different with Lebai,Who was like a goat while this lad was like a horse.Thus such is the case night and day,Satisfying the desires of the maiden,Playing with the racy penis,Shaking and moving vigorously.
- The first step involved having the woman fondle and play with the male genitalia (Standing nigh they stripped off his garment/Caressing Luk Luk’s penis).
- It is apparent that the sexual activity of their parents triggered immense curiosity of Syeikh Pokok Buta-buta’s virgin daughters (“We saw this on Father”/“Under the glimmer of the full moon/He was making love to Mother/Prolonged penetration into her hole/Arousing Mother with intense titillation”).
- Raja Ali Haji also explains that it is important that the penis is not flaccid to ensure sexual pleasure during sex (While asking how it felt/She replied: “Don’t leave just yet/It’s enticing like korma [dates]”).
- Apart from overt sexual activity, a verse in this poem also depicts the practice of communal sex by Malays in that period (She said: “Stop, sister/Let me experience the hairy tool/Should it be pleasant, I can come back for more again”/ Luk Luk turned to the oldest/He did her once or twice/The youngest bantered/“I don’t want to be disappointed too”).
- The orgy was a mass deflowering ceremony (Luk Luk turned to the youngest/With whom he dealt with, deflowering her), and illustrated as being so astounding that, “Beyond the mosquito net, within the bed curtain/Fluid gushing everywhere”). It did not stop there as when the three sisters invited their friends to join in, some claimed that they would rather be with Luk Luk than Syeikh Pokok Buta-buta whose penis was deemed no comparison (Everyone wants a taste of him/Obtaining his penis while under abstinence).
Fleshy: something that is highly regarded, indeed a distinctive word in this language that refers to the vagina. A fleshy vagina is one that is wide and meaty at the top, so it looks high. The bone can also be felt when the hand is deep inside and at the side walls of the fleshy hole; and with that giving rise to a wide vagina, tall on the upper side and if seen from the front, it looks like a crab latching onto a surface. Indeed, a fleshy vagina is the most perfect form for many Malays. A vagina is stunning, it can even arouse men with low sexual potency.(ibid, p. 359)
4. Khatijah Terung and Perhimpunan Gunawan bagi Laki-Laki dan Perempuan
A sprig of leaf, a pod of flowersAdorned with gold ring and diamondI cloth in the word ‘cunt’My cunt is fleshy, it excites men.With the slip of the gold ring onto my fingerEmbellished with diamond and sapphireHitting and clashing both surfacesPenis thrusting deeply into the cunt.Adorned with gold ring and diamondThe union will feel heavenly and divinePleasant and tranquil, not at all made-upForget the world and its contents.With the grace of the prayer La ilaha illallah Muhammad al-Rasulullah S.A.W.This incantation will indeed succeed, God willing. And this is partly from Wan Mah from Penang, well-known among men and even the unseen across Penang and Singapore. Walla hu a’lam bissawab”.
The buttock moves without exhaustionSeveral cloves in the cupKiss the armpit, fondle the breastsThe cunt agape, the man enters.The clitoris branches left and rightIt stands big and erectAnd so the cunt becomes arousedGetting thrusted by her partner’s penis.Groping and moving unabashedly,The penis thrusts into the vaginaThat is all hirsute.(ibid, p. 44)
The broken regenerate, the lost replacedThe ladle fell, the legged scarabTo devour, one desirously waitsFor the thrust of the penis into the vagina.The ferns at the edge of the villageThe topple of the angsana [narra] branchIt is not me who has powerBut the God of the universeProbing the right, stabbing the leftPleasuring and gratifying without dissentOh the sharp erect penisFluids spurted copiously.
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After the fall of the Malacca sultanate to the Portuguese in 1511, Riau became regarded as the cultural centre of the Malay world.
I would like to thank Nur Fatin Afiqah Halim from the National University of Singapore for her valuable assistance in translation work for this article.
“Sayur kelorak”, a type of plant eaten in traditional Malay “salads”.
See (Kershaw 2009) for an explanation of this term. Sarah Knapton (2014) argues that one of the reasons for the cougar phenomenon is the incompetence of some men to satisfy their female partner after reaching the age of 40. In Raja Ali Haji’s poem, Mak Lebai (Syeikh Pokok Buta-buta’s wife) is shown as preferring Luk Luk over her husband who lacks the stamina of the younger man during intercourse (It was different with Lebai/Who was like a goat while this lad was like a horse).
As Pope et al. (2007) write,
While compiling the Kitab Pengetahuan Bahasa, Raja Ali Haji maintained a strong friendship with Von de Wall (Matheson Hooker 1995, p. 36).
“Oh sirs who are listening to this speech, do not misunderstand and misinterpret because if I do not explain it like this, those who read this may not have the knowledge and will constantly be questioning the obscurity” (Raja Ali 2010, p. 359).
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Musa, M.F. Transcripts of Gender, Intimacy, and Islam in Southeast Asia: The “Outrageous” Texts of Raja Ali Haji and Khatijah Terung. Religions 2021, 12, 219. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12030219
Musa MF. Transcripts of Gender, Intimacy, and Islam in Southeast Asia: The “Outrageous” Texts of Raja Ali Haji and Khatijah Terung. Religions. 2021; 12(3):219. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12030219Chicago/Turabian Style
Musa, Mohd Faizal. 2021. "Transcripts of Gender, Intimacy, and Islam in Southeast Asia: The “Outrageous” Texts of Raja Ali Haji and Khatijah Terung" Religions 12, no. 3: 219. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12030219