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Transcripts of Gender, Intimacy, and Islam in Southeast Asia: The “Outrageous” Texts of Raja Ali Haji and Khatijah Terung

Institute of the Malay World and Civilization, National University of Malaysia, Bangi 43600, Malaysia
Academic Editors: Maznah Mohamad and Enzo Pace
Religions 2021, 12(3), 219; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12030219
Received: 7 February 2021 / Revised: 3 March 2021 / Accepted: 17 March 2021 / Published: 21 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marriage, Intimacy, Gender and Islam in Southeast Asia)
It is generally perceived that Malays—who are predominantly Muslims—are comparable with the notion of politeness, aligned with moral axioms, and behave in ways copiously guided by religion. Casual sex and other forms of sexual “deviance” are typically attributed to foreign influences, most popularly, Westernisation. New social trends among this community, such as the emphasis on male dominance, changing prescriptions about the functions and expectations of sex, receptiveness towards the body and emotion, exposure to sex education, and openness to sexual discourse are often attributed to the “immoral” West. Yet, forms of sexual behaviours depicted in the writings of notable Malay religious and literary personages reveal surprising insights into the Malay-Muslim milieu of 19th-century Riau. A variety of sexual practices and relations are expressed through these writings. This article adopts a historical-sociological framework to examine the “artisan tools” of textual materials as in the Kitab Pengetahuan Bahasa (Book of Linguistic Knowledge) by Raja Ali Haji and Perhimpunan Gunawan bagi Laki-Laki dan Perempuan (A Compendium of Charms for Men and Women) by Khatijah Terung. The “outrageous” sexual depictions in these texts are discussed and analysed, in part to debunk the idea of a “sexual revolution” or “sexual licentiousness” as emanating from an external culture. View Full-Text
Keywords: sexual conduct; sexology; Raja Ali Haji; Khatijah Terung; Malay dictionary sexual conduct; sexology; Raja Ali Haji; Khatijah Terung; Malay dictionary
MDPI and ACS Style

Musa, M.F. Transcripts of Gender, Intimacy, and Islam in Southeast Asia: The “Outrageous” Texts of Raja Ali Haji and Khatijah Terung. Religions 2021, 12, 219. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12030219

AMA Style

Musa MF. Transcripts of Gender, Intimacy, and Islam in Southeast Asia: The “Outrageous” Texts of Raja Ali Haji and Khatijah Terung. Religions. 2021; 12(3):219. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12030219

Chicago/Turabian Style

Musa, Mohd F. 2021. "Transcripts of Gender, Intimacy, and Islam in Southeast Asia: The “Outrageous” Texts of Raja Ali Haji and Khatijah Terung" Religions 12, no. 3: 219. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12030219

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