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Religion as Animal and Alive

Graduate Program in Anthrozoology, Department of Animal Behavior, Ecology and Consercation, Canisius College, Buffalo, NY 14208, USA
Religions 2019, 10(6), 352;
Received: 9 April 2019 / Revised: 23 May 2019 / Accepted: 26 May 2019 / Published: 30 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Animals and World Religions)
PDF [259 KB, uploaded 30 May 2019]


The notion of “living religion” is helpful in exploring how individuals and communities have across time and culture engaged their other-than-human neighbors in a local place as a response to the fact that each human individual clearly lives in a more-than-human world. Threads of observation and argument are woven together to suggest that focusing on nonhuman animals helps any human sustain the vibrant, living quality that so often has been a hallmark of a relevant and healthy religious/spiritual awareness. View Full-Text
Keywords: animals; animals and religion; animal ethics; species; animal studies; nature animals; animals and religion; animal ethics; species; animal studies; nature
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Waldau, P. Religion as Animal and Alive. Religions 2019, 10, 352.

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