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Rewriting Race, Gender and Religion in Toni Morrison’s Song of Solomon and Paradise

Department of English, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI 53233, USA
Religions 2019, 10(6), 345; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10060345
Received: 12 April 2019 / Revised: 17 May 2019 / Accepted: 19 May 2019 / Published: 28 May 2019
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Abstract

This article explores author Toni Morrison’s creation of female spiritual leaders in her 1977 novel, Song of Solomon, and her 1998 novel, Paradise. I argue that she deliberately distorts Biblical imagery and narrative to rewrite women into the roles of spiritual agents rather than subjects, using irony and inversion, in Song of Solomon. She builds on this in Paradise by exploring the limitations of patriarchal orthodox Christian systems of social order and control by casting them in light of alternative spiritual beliefs, most notably Gnosticism. View Full-Text
Keywords: religion; Gnosticism; womanist theology; African American women; spirituality; Toni Morrison; Song of Solomon; Paradise; The Source of Self-Regard religion; Gnosticism; womanist theology; African American women; spirituality; Toni Morrison; Song of Solomon; Paradise; The Source of Self-Regard
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Hathaway, H. Rewriting Race, Gender and Religion in Toni Morrison’s Song of Solomon and Paradise. Religions 2019, 10, 345.

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